Burns to the face: chemical, solar, acid, heat, oil
Depending on what caused, the burn of the face is electrical, chemical and thermal. Each option has its own clinical picture, accompanied by its features and, accordingly, everyone has their own methods of treatment. It is necessary to understand in more detail and to consider all the options separately.
Thermal burns to the face
Medicine considers two types of thermal burns of the face. They are superficial and deep.
- I the degree to which there is redness and skin irritation (redness and erythema).
- II the degree to which the bubbles are formed and detachment occurs skin.
- The degree IIIA is characterized by partial necrosis of the skin, in some cases, epithelialization.
- The degree IIIB, in which there is necrosis of all layers of the skin.
- Grade IV — is characterized by necrosis of the skin and tissues located deeper.
The clinical picture of thermal burn
Burns degree is determined by the size and depth of lesion. Burns I-II degree is characterized by redness, swelling of the affected area, formation of blisters filled with fluid. Here a parallel can be drawn with burns from excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation, and need to know the sores. 10-15 days leaves a dry crust. In the affected area formed a new skin. However, in case of contact infection in the wound and their nagnoenie and recovery period, respectively, increases and there is a possibility of scarring (scars).
Lesions of burns of III and IV degrees stronger and have serious consequences, especially if burnt large areas of the skin. In such areas, the skin dies and subsequently is rejected.
The probability of occurrence of nagnoenia in the wounds, and this process may be accompanied by fever and a reduction in the amount of protein and fluid in the body. The recovery process of the skin occurs very slowly. In the case of destruction of such areas of the face like nose, ears and the area around them, there is a risk of necrosis and chondrites bones and cartilage of the face. After these wounds heal, almost always formed keloid scars and deformity of skin.
What to do when first aid and further treatment
What actions need to be taken if you burn the person to relieve the effects and speed recovery?
The most important thing for burns – in any case can not put a bandage on the affected area, also it is not necessary to use a tannin and ointments, as they subsequently. As an analgesic, it is possible to use drugs from the group of narcotic analgesics. Whentransport the victim to the hospital, the burns can be covered with a gauze bandage for tor, to protect the wound from various stimuli from outside.
Consequences of burns of I degree and in some cases, the II grade can be treated on an outpatient basis, here it is also useful to know After removing the shock, if needed, doctors can do surgical treatment of wounds, by cutting off with scissors of bubble, and the separated flaps of the skin. The area around the wound is treated with alcohol, ether, or gasoline. Subsequently, the affected areas are treated with hydrogen peroxide (3% solution) and antiseptic preparations. After all this the wound drain. On our website there is material on the subject, which accurately described the pre-need to test it on the skin or in the area in the elbow area.
III and IV degree of burns can be reached after exposure to skin acids or alkalis. The affected areas are covered with cork. When compared to burns from acid and alkali, it can be noted the greater the harm inflicted by the alkalis, as they affect the deeper layers of the measles. Acid burns to the majority usually surface.
It should be noted that in chemical burns may continue the destruction of the tissues and once will be removed the substance that caused the failure. In this regard, it is sometimes difficult to determine immediately the degree of damage. More on this can be found in our material Cannot be used to remove chemical wipes or swabs. Burns from powdery substances, initially it is necessary to try to remove residue, then proceed to rinsing.
For burns acids used soapy water or a two percent solution of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda). Alkali burns are washed with solutions of citric acid or vinegar. In the future, the healing process is similar to the treatment for thermal injuries of the skin.
Such burns are formed when exposed to the face of high voltage, due to improper handling of appliances or when struck by lightning. Electrical burns usually happen simultaneously with the injury of organs of an electric shock. In the same way as burns appeared for other reasons, they come in different degrees of severity.