First aid for burns: expert advice
At the burn there is a division into kinds, each of which requires a certain attitude and treatment. Let's take a closer look at what assistance can be provided for different types of burns.
One of the most common burns – thermal, and it turns out he's the result of the fire or of high temperature on the skin.
Fire can spread very quickly, and first aid in thermal burns may be the correct response to the fire, or in other words, if burned clothing is necessary to do everything to extinguish it and to reduce the area of the burn.
Now to the basis. If the burn is clothing stuck to the skin, it is not necessary to pull out, you should trim the edges with scissors.
Further, the burn is offered with a sterile bandage, and it could be towel, napkin, importantly, the fabric was clean. This will allow you to cover the path to infections in the area of the burn. You can now call an ambulance, to the doctors were given first aid.
In the case of a light burn on the skin blisters are formed, which within 2 weeks to pass and where once there were burns — there is nothing left. It is important to note that these blisters should not be subjected to mechanical impact: puncture, grease, sleep powder, all of these actions can only lead to irritation on the damaged skin.
For more severe and deep the burn, the victim may experience strong sensations of pain, temperature, chills.
In thermal burns, resulting from the impact of hot liquid, water, oil, the skin can get deep damage, and that would remove the painful shock, burns must be quickly placed under cold water. 10 minutes will be enough, then the burns should be covered with a clean bandage.
You can, with a slight burn, to use an old folk remedy – urine. In the end, dressing with urine can help speed healing of burns. In addition, as practice shows, using urine eliminated scars after thermal injury.
By definition, it is clear that this burn is produced by the interaction with an electric current.
For small voltage, an electrical burn is almost negligible, however, it would be right to react to the danger of electric shock, you must know that display a person of under pressure is possible only using non-conductive objects, and in any case notreferring to himself.
First aid for these burns the same methods that burns heat.
Prolonged exposure to UV rays causes damage to the top layer of skin, which are characterized by severe redness and pain. In addition, sunburn may be accompanied by General overheating of the body.
To treat a burn you first need to take a cold shower. The body will require a lot of liquid, so do not deny yourself the pleasure to consume tea, juices, water in large quantities. If you have a fever, you can knock it back with pills. To soothe the skin and relieve pain, you can use rubbing calendula, sour cream, yogurt, various lotions, all of which will help to reduce the sensitivity of the skin.
When you receive a chemical burn, and injury is very real and at work, and at home, the first thing you need to neutralize the impacts of the chemical on the skin. To do this, the affected skin washed with water. You must understand that for each type of chemical action applies a specific treatment, so you should restrict washing the injury, applying a bandage and call a doctor.
If a burn of any kind is not strong, and struck only the surface of the skin (the top layer of epithelium which contains hair follicles, moles, freckles, etc.) without causing obvious changes, you can just wait until he passes, in other cases, the necessary medical care and often soon.
As always in conclusion: burn is a dangerous injury which elimination, first aid is often not enough. To properly render first aid, should at least some understanding of the burns and we hope we helped you with this. As you can see the types of burns happen a lot, this is not an experienced person by their actions can only exacerbate the effects of burns.