Allergic rhinitis - definition, prevention in children
Every year a growing rate of allergic diseases among the population. According to statistics, about 12 percent of the planet's inhabitants suffer from different forms of Allergy. Such ailments start to arise and flourish in age from 10 to 20 years. One of the variations was allergic rhinitis is the result of abnormal reactions of the organism to the external stimuli, the so-called "allergic rhinitis".
It can be plant pollen, stings of insects, household use, home dust, mites library, the chemical composition of the means of home cleaning. There are also internal stimuli – is a medicine or food with a specific composition.
How to deal with seasonal and year-round rhinitis?
anyone who suffers from constant sinus congestion, watery eyes, sneezing, and itching and tickling in the nose, know exactly what to tolerate these manifestations of Allergy is simply impossible.
These rather unpleasant symptoms permanently affect mood, nerve health, and disrupt the normal way of life and greatly reduce its efficiency. In addition, long pronounced allergic rhinitis can cause bleeding from the nose, polyps, sinusitis, sinusitis, otitis media, disorders of smell and even asthma.
The main symptoms of rhinitis
If allergic rhinitis symptoms start to occur immediately after direct contact with the pathogen. The source can be animal wool, blankets made of natural cloth, feather pillows. The result of being in the same room with these causative agents of Allergy could be the beginning rapid onset of sneezing, and allergic runny nose, watery eyes. In addition, symptoms may not stop even after some time after contact.
If there is an allergic reaction to the plants and their blooms, it will have the name of hay fever. It appears in spring and autumn – in the period of active flowering of weeds, shrubs and trees. One of the most characteristic signs of this rhinitis in people of any age will be the appearance of transverse crease on the nose. It quickly occurs because of constant scratching with itching and irritation.
If allergic rhinitis year-round, the person with this disease will suffer constant nasal congestion is allergic rhinitis, and he is forced to breathe only through my mouth. Such violations lead to partial or complete loss of smell, taste, and chronic congestion. The condition can worsen considerably with the accession of secondary infection, if there is a blockage of the paranasal sinuses and strong enough prolonged swellingand a rash on the skin.
Almost obligatory companion of allergic rhinitis is current from the eye, swelling of the face, conjunctivitis, itching, discomfort in the eye area. In some cases, there may be allergic cough, causing the development and asthma attacks.
During the examination, the ENT doctor, the mucosa will be quite pale and loose, and discharge from the sinuses and watery transparent. In the throat of the patient there will be any significant changes, however, does not exclude the development of tonsillitis or pharyngitis. If we are talking about rhinitis seasonal nature, in this case, as a rule, no complications occur.
People suffering from such disease, are quite sensitive to various chemical odors. This may be cosmetics or perfumes. It is very difficult to tolerate tobacco smoke, the fumes of household chemicals, new furniture, carpets, and other such odors.
Causes frequent allergic reactions?
The main cause of allergic rhinitis is quite difficult to attribute any specific. Modern medical science can only make assumptions and guesses.
Often the reasons lead drink tap chlorinated water, problems of ecological character, background radiation exceeding normal levels, antibiotics of different origin in meat products, nitrates and pesticides in fruit and vegetable crops, as well as harmful substances used for the preparation of food in industrial conditions.
This set of factors may force the human body is extremely sensitive to any, even the most innocuous stimuli.
The exact mechanism of allergic rhinitis has been well studied and long known to science. At higher levels of immunoglobulin type E begins to develop a delayed reaction. If contact with allergen is primary, then there is only a preparation of the fat cells. When re-contact, they begin to break down, releasing histamine. As a result, significantly increases cellular permeability to plasma. All the above leads to swelling, itching and profuse liquid secretions from the sinuses.
If we are talking about children, due to heredity, even during the initial contact with the allergen, immediately begins with the destruction of fat cells and allergic rhinitis.
Measures to combat manifestations of allergic rhinitis
There are various ways of treating allergies and medications. They can provide medicines or to exclude them.
If allergic rhinitis is seasonal, then knowing the specific type of pathogen, you can try to avoid those plants and herbs that make it stand out. You can still exclude from their diet foodspower that even theoretically can cause allergies.
There are the recommendations clear enough telling about how to protect yourself and to answer, in Addition, may well help in the struggle to prevent the development of rhinitis and creating a comfortable the air in the house. Air can affect the human condition, because it is in the room he spends the bulk of the time. A large number of carpets, bookcases open, stuffed toys and heavy Drapes may lead to constant accumulation of dust. In such conditions produced toxic substances, bacteria and allergens.
If there is an active flowering of the plants, it is very good to perform regular wet cleaning in the room where the allergic. Perfectly cope with the issue of comfortable air special air cleaners with filters against allergies and humidifiers, allergic rhinitis is not allowed.
Don't forget that it is necessary to fight the causative agents of allergic manifestations than to treat it and get rid of the symptoms. Not be amiss to make a special skin test at the allergist, and even to donate blood. If you know causative agent of allergic rhinitis, in advance it will be possible to limit contact with him.
If there is evidence, the doctor may prescribe plasmapheresis. Under this procedure, you should understand the purification of the blood by mechanical means. After plasmapheresis it is possible to get rid of the toxins and allergens in the blood, and immune complexes. However, such a method doesn't fit all and lasts so long. If the case is severe enough, it is like cleaning can be a good way to alleviate the patient's condition.
Not yet invented a cure, and drugs are capable to completely cure allergic rhinitis. All existing drugs are only used for relieving symptoms of it: reduction of the intensity of the common cold, reduce swelling, relieve congestion of the nasal passages, slezotechenii and constant itching.
Any tool in the form of a spray or drops can be used as symptomatic. Such means dull allergic rhinitis, however, to answer a sick body to the allergen can not.
Modern pharmacology offers and funds a number of methods of treatment. So, enough of the widely used antihistamines. If Allergy medication is the 1st generation could have a negative impact on health in the form of problems with urinary retention, science does not stand still and the offered quality options to replace these drugs which can be used to treat allergies.
They at the moment are available in the form of preparations 2 and 3 generations. It can bedrugs:
- "Aerius" or the "Zodak".
The above remedies may well cope with its purpose and do not give complications and adverse reactions. They do not cause drowsiness and is designed for long-lasting effects on the body. After about 20 minutes after taking the pill will be marked good results, and the treatment of allergic rhinitis will go right.
Those who suffer from allergic rhinitis, it is strongly recommended to take "Catrina" or drug "Loratadine" 1 tablet a day. Drugs Cethrin", "Parlazin and side effects of the drug can be prescribed to children already from the age of 2 years, but in the form of a syrup, to treat them without fear.
Strong enough antihistamine in our time is considered to be "Aerius". Such a drug based on the desloratadine as its main active substance. It can be given to children older than one year, but is absolutely contraindicated for pregnant women.
Often doctors can prescribe intranasal corticosteroids. These include "Pleasance" or "Budesonide". Such drugs rekomendovany subject to very severe disease and in that case, if other ways of struggle do not give proper results, by the way, they can be treated and if you have allergies from ragweed.
If rhinitis is moderate to severe even in the fight with him can join leukotriene antagonists. This Akalat" and "Singulair".
Many people are saved vasoconstrictor drops, however, you must remember that absolutely can not be abused and the treatment of allergic rhinitis is conducted carefully with them. These drugs reduce swelling of the nose, throat and mucus, but the period of their application of no more than 5 consecutive days. Such include:
- and Vibrocil.
- Well can ease breathing, but without therapeutic effects "Dr. Reddy's" and "Prevalin".
Means "Dr. Reddy's" is a fine powder based on cellulose and garlic. It's a fairly revolutionary product prevents the penetration of allergens through the air. Using a special dispenser, this Microfine powder is sprayed onto the nasal mucosa, where it forms a stable gel-like film. This method allows you to create a natural barrier against pollutants and allergens.
The drug can be recommended for everybody, even for pregnant women and newborns. Once it is necessary to inject three times a day. "Prevalin" is a mixture of oils with emulsifiers. It is also able to create a strong barrier in the nasal cavity. To use best before the early rhinitis.
The desensitization will help to fight the symptoms of allergies, but provided thatthe causative agent is known by 100 percent. If none of the methods did not produce results, resort to this method of treatment. For this, under the skin of a sick person administered a fixed dose of allergen and regularly increase it. The whole process can last up to 5 years, during which manipulation is done every 7 days. This method is not recommended for people with cardiovascular diseases or suffering from bronchial asthma.
Well can help treat means — sprays, stabilising the membranes of fat cells. Such drugs include "a good cough medicine", "Cromalin", "Chromosol". They prevent the development of allergies and can be applied in milder forms.
For the treatment of allergic rhinitis can be extensively applied chelators. It may be^
Treatment of allergic rhinitis these products leads to the conclusion of toxins from the body as well as toxins and allergens. These drugs can be quite effective in the treatment of symptoms of rhinitis. It is important to remember that their application must be less than 14 days and separate from other medicines and vitamins.