The cervicitis of the cervix - symptoms and treatment
The cervicitis is called the inflammatory process, lokalizirutesa in the vaginal area of the cervix. Symptoms of the disease: muddy vaginal discharge, dull, often aching pain in the abdomen and a feeling of soreness during intercourse.
The protracted course of the disease often leads to erosion. In addition, the infection in chronic form, can cause hypertrophy (thickening) or, on the contrary, the thinning of the walls of the cervix and cause infection in the upper parts of the genital organs and development in this field related infectious diseases.
By itself, the cervix serves as a barrier (in the form of a nasal tube, protective secretions and cervical canal), preventing the ingress into the body of the uterus and upper genital tract different kinds of infections.
But as a result of the effects of certain factors of its protective functions are weakened, the cervix appears of a foreign microflora, spurring the development of inflammation, which is cervicitis.
The disease itself is divided into ectocervical – inflammation of the vaginal segment of the uterus (ectocervical), and endocervicitis – inflammation of the cervical canal of the cervix (the endocervix).
Depending on the disease cervicitis can be acute or become chronic.
Symptoms of acute cervicitis are observed after a recent infection on the cervix and quite active multiplication. This primarily low-grade fever and dull pain in the abdomen.
Important! In addition, patients may complain of hot flashes in the pelvic area, painful sexual intercourse, pain in the lumbar part of the back and difficulty with urination (polyuria or dysuria).
The chronic form
The chronic form of the disease suggests that infection which got into the body for a long time, gradually spreading, destroys the uterine tissue.
Such inflammation may result from:
- prolapse of the vagina or cervix,
- violations in the use of birth control drugs
- failure to comply with the rules of personal (individual) hygiene
- frequent change of sexual partners,
- and as a result of the occurrence of other inflammatory diseases in the pelvic area.
Its main symptoms are:
- the presence of scanty turbid in appearance of mucous discharge (sometimes mixed with pus);
- the appearance of swelling and redness of the mucous membrane of the uterus;
- dull pain in the lower abdomen;
- discomfort during urination (burning sensation and severe itching);
- bleeding and sometimes bleeding after intercourse.
Types of cervicitis
Depending ongerms, the infection can be purulent, viral, bacterial, candidiasis and atrophic.
Purulent form of cervicitis is most often observed on the background of already existing gonorrhoea and is characterized by the abundant formation of pus in the cervical canal. The symptoms of this infection are similar to symptoms of diseases caused by herpes virus and Trichomonas.
The cause of viral infection – infections transmitted during sexual intercourse (HIV, herpes virus, Treatment of cervicitis is carried out only after identification of its pathogen. The results of these studies for patients assigned to antibacterial, antiviral or other special preparations.
In the appointment treatment doctors also take into account the stage of the disease (the inflammatory process). Effective thus considered to be local combined preparations, candles and cream. In most cases, is concurrent treatment of sexual partner.
Chronic cervicitis cure with conservative methods much more difficult. So after getting rid of the infection itself, are frequently applied surgical methods of treatment such as cryotherapy, laser therapy and surgical diathermy.