Drops in the nose from allergies for children and adults
Developed a large number of nasal drops and nasal sprays designed to fight against allergies and rashes in children and adults. These medications to combat the allergies of various composition, on the principle of impact and duration of its effect.
Features choice of nasal Allergy drops
If the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis is exposed to the patient for the first time, he must pass a comprehensive examination and to establish the true cause of their illness. To identify the allergen to help special developed for this test.
Some drops are composed of components that can enhance the manifestations of allergic rhinitis. Why not to buy this drug, the patient must understand the significant allergen for him.
Selection of anti-Allergy drops for a child can be done only by a physician. A drop from allergic rhinitis is allowed from a certain age, some are generally not used in Pediatrics. Wrong Allergy drops for kids can not only not produce the desired effect, but also can hurt the baby.
There are several types of anti-Allergy drops for the nose:
- vasoconstrictor (decongestants),
- drugs combined action,
Vasoconstrictor drops for allergies
This group of drugs is indicated for acute course of common cold. The main mechanism of action aimed at the rapid narrowing of the lumen of blood vessels. Drugs eliminate edema of the mucosa, reduce mucus and facilitates nasal breathing. Representatives of this group are Naphazoline, Xylometazoline, Galazolin, Nazivin.
Vasoconstrictor drops should be used no more than 5 days. With more prolonged use the mucous membrane of the nose may stop to react to them properly. Possible worsening of edema, the appearance of adverse symptoms. In addition, recorded cases of physical and mental dependence on drops (for example, naftizina dependency).
Thus patients use nasal medications daily for several years. Sometimes patients in the fight against nasal congestion use for a whole bottle of vasoconstrictive drops in a day. To stop taking medication without assistance to patients extremely difficult. With the elimination of the drug occurs feeling short of breath, suffer from headaches, tinnitus, dizziness.
To avoid habituation to the drops and the subsequent development of drug addiction, it is important to follow these guidelines and not go against the rules:
- Do not use vasoconstrictor dropslonger than the recommended period.
- Not to exceed the maximum single and daily doses prescribed by a physician or specified in the annotation to the drug.
- To use the tool only to relieve the acute period of the disease. With a long history of allergies need to pick up another drug.
The list of drugs in this group is quite wide. Below are some of the common antihistamines are recommended for the treatment of allergic rhinitis.
Against the increase in the amount of produced mucus and to eliminate itching. Recommended for year-round allergies. These drops in the nose from allergies is contraindicated in pregnancy and children up to 4 years of age.
The drug has a high duration of its effect, so it only needs to be used once a day.
If necessary allergodil prescribed for a long period of time (up to 6 months), and then require replacement with another, similar action of the drug. Allergodil suitable as a prophylactic antiallergic drugs (e.g. for prophylaxis of seasonal rhinitis).
Anti-inflammatory drug, produced in the droplets. Suitable for use in children from 1 month of life. Nose drops for allergies Fenistil eliminates Allergy symptoms in as little as 15 minutes after their ingestion.
The drug is available in the form of a spray. Recommended for all types of respiratory allergies or the like also includes in its composition levokabastin.
A good cough medicine
Is a stabilizer of mast cells, prevents release of mediators of Allergy: histamine, leukotrienes. Available in the form of nasal drops and spray. A good cough medicine is especially effective in the initial stages of treatment of allergic rhinitis, when the nasal mucosa is still the most sensitive to the effects of medicines.
A good cough medicine, nose drops for allergies, it is recommended from 5 years. The course of treatment is 1 month. The drug is highly effective as a preventive remedy for seasonal rhinitis.
Available in drops. Zyrtec reduces the permeability of blood vessels, prevents the influence of mediators of Allergy.
Allergists recommend the drug for use in "cold" allergies. At recommended doses it has no calming effect on the Central nervous system.
Drugs used in the treatment of allergies in children
There are many antihistamine medications recommended for the treatment of allergies in children. These baby tools reduce the undesirable effects of histamine produced by allergic rhinitis and, thereby eliminate manifestations of the disease and Allthe drugs on this list need to take high doses several times a day, as they are quickly excreted. Among the side effects from them mark a pronounced depressant action on the Central nervous system (patients get lethargy, drowsiness, apathy), lack of physical coordination, vertigo, and the patient, for example, treats a runny nose allergic.
Antihistamines of the 1st generation is assigned to relieve the acute period of allergic diseases, in order to quickly suppress the symptoms. One of the most effective drugs in this group is recognized as tavegil. He acts for a longer period than others, having less side effects. Welcome tavegilum allowed children from 2 years.
2nd generation Allergy drugs:
- — zyrtec,
- — ebastine.
Antihistamines 2nd generation more quickly have an impact, long-lasting effect and does not cause drowsiness. Side effects after taking occur less frequently. The majority of pediatricians recommends that his patients antihistamines at least second generation.
3rd generation anti-allergic drugs:
- — terpin,
- — astemizole.
Recommended for year-round allergies (perennial rhinitis, conjunctivitis, tracheitis), bronchial asthma, atopic dermatitis. Antihistamines 3rd generation removed from the body the most lasting, has a pronounced and more prolonged effect compared to the first two generations of funds from allergies.