According to scientists, in our oral cavity live about 200-300 different species of microorganisms. However, understood remains only about 50. And we must understand that some of these microorganisms are our straight allies and friends, and part of the real enemies.
You can start talking about the microflora of the oral cavity to note that many microorganisms get there together with food, water, air.
With regard to a favorable environment for multiplication of micro-organisms should be mentioned here:
- Interdental spaces.
- Gingival pockets.
That is, all education that can linger remnants of food, are an excellent medium for microbial growth.
Groups of microflora
Divide the microflora of the oral cavity can be roughly into two groups:
- Saprophytic or permanent microflora of the oral cavity. Its presence is necessary for the normal functioning of the entire dentition. Saprophytic flora in the mouth prevents the development of pathological conditions and maintains bacterial balance.
- Pathogenic microflora. This group already has an extremely negative impact not only on the mouth but on the whole body
Important! In perfect condition pathogenic microflora to be, of course, should not, or need to restrict its presence to the extent that when she was not able to have influence.
Species composition of microflora of the oral cavity in norm should be stability. It can detect various micro-organisms – bacteria, fungi, viruses. The dominant position occupied by bacteria of an anaerobic type of respiration, and include streptococci lactobacilli, Bacteroides, fuzobakterii, porphyromonas, Prevotella, veilonella, spirochaetes and actinomycetes.
Qualitative and quantitative composition of microflora of the mouth always changes in the systematic violation of the rules of oral hygiene. Starts to develop and dominate pathogenic microflora, and the growth of pathogenic microorganisms and their spread is virtually exponentially.
Here we can talk about the formation of Tartar and plaque on the teeth, namely the germs of this education and is the main cause of most diseases of the mouth.
The risk of dental bacteria
The problem of microbes, which are located in dental stone in the fact that they in some cases can lead to the development of infectious pulmonary disease. At least American scientists that such a discovery was made.
The unveiling came after the Americans had analyzed the composition of sputum and the composition of dental plaque in peopleconsidered patients with pneumonia. It turned out that in 10 out of 14 patients, the causative agent of pneumonia and plaque the same microorganism.
At the same time there is another interesting assumption, which shows the existence of a connection between the microbes of the plaque and the cause of peptic ulcer disease. Almost every patient with the problem of ulcers there is a problem in the area of the tooth. Moreover, defective teeth and gums reaches the moderate and severe stages.
Interestingly, according to statistics, people suffering from such defects of the teeth and gums, but without ulcer problems, only 9%.
The most dangerous pathogenic microorganisms
It is proved that the greatest danger to humans is Streptococcus mutans, which is able to produce lactic acid. Chromosome number of this pathogen was isolated in 2002 and has 1900 genes.
In the second place it is possible to arrange another dangerous enemy of the human Porphyromonas gingivalis. This microorganism is responsible for the education and development of human periodontitis.
Errors in hygiene and rules of selection
Traditionally, one tries to make a lot of effort for the destruction of all microorganisms and hygienic uses a variety of techniques for this, however, is not the right approach. Along with harmful microorganisms liquidation occurs and the microbes, fungi, bacteria we need to maintain normal and adequate microflora in the oral cavity.
In addition, you need to understand that the indiscriminate destruction of microorganisms, ultimately weakens the natural defenses of the mouth, which leads to the penetration and development of more severe pathologies.
Therefore, it is important to choose the right hygiene products. Define the main group of bathroom items:
- The first group will include mandatory hygiene is: a toothbrush, toothpaste or powder.
- In the second group additional tools: toothpicks and dental floss.
- The third group is auxiliary means: different toothpastes, rinses, irrigators, baby teething rings, chewing gum.
- Control group: the test solutions, tablets, mirrors to inspect the condition of the teeth and oral cavity.
- And the fifth group is a therapeutic agent: fluoride tablets and solutions, herbs.
Rules of selection of toiletries can be discussed with the dentist and make the decision based on the condition of the teeth and the General condition of the oral cavity.