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Nail fungus: description and treatment

Of course, the beauty of women's legs, it's a different story, but in this article we will not touch on many legs, how many nails that can suddenly be painted in yellow, and the nail plate start to go cracks and stains. All this, together with itching, which begins to appear between the toes, says only one – captured nail fungal infection.

In principle, the nail fungus, it is one of the most common ailments that may strike the nail plate throughout a person's life. The fungus is 20% of the world population.


According to the same inexorable statistics, more than 50% of all nail diseases have a fungal infection. It is possible to state the simple fact, what should be the nail:

  • Smooth;
  • Pink;
  • Brilliant.

Minus any of the terms indicates there is a problem. Treatment of fungal infection is always long, but it is.

As a rule, the fungus begins to give signs of its existence with interdigital folds of the skin and the first symptom is the peeling. The process may be accompanied by itching and burning sensation. The next symptom to the appearance of bubble, which once burst, can leave behind cracks on the skin, and erosion.

The problem of the fungus in the fact that few of the media understands how this is a dangerous and unpleasant disease. Usually, people refer to a fungal infection is not serious, and do not pay attention to it, hoping to "maybe". And the fungus on the tissues of the nails, meanwhile, the self never goes away, and, while the man and not think about it, the fungal infection is gradually spreading to the foot. To immediately see the "enemy" need to know the main symptoms:

  • Between toes begin to form cracks;
  • In the affected areas the skin somewhat thickened;
  • Redness;
  • Itching, severe burning;
  • The nail begins to lose shape, thickens, or thins.

How is the infection

Unfortunately, the fungus can easily be transferred from the carrier to the person, and the main way of contact with fungal spores in our body continue to be cracks in the skin, and any other microtrauma of the skin.

Damage to the skin does not necessarily work for injuries, cuts, scrapes. Simply wearing tight, uncomfortable shoes, as you would expect a rapid failure of skin protection on the feet. Below we can provide a list of risk factors, which only increases the chances of getting skin damage and to pick up a fungus:

  • Poor circulation in the extremities;
  • Deformity of foot, toes and nails;
  • Excessive sweating of the feet;
  • Weight;
  • Stress;
  • Consumption of alcohol and tobacco products;
  • The fall in immunity.
  • Most often, the infection by the fungus occurs in public places, it can be the pool, shower, bath, places in which the humidity is maintained at the same level and for a long time.

    Should get one member of the family, as all the other Pets too are fast becoming victims of the fungus.

    Statistics says that contamination from relatives make up over one third of all cases of transmission of fungal infection. Of course, there is also a high possibility to be infected by the fungus on the beach, the thing is that in sand the fungus can easily be several months, waiting for its prey.

    Diagnostics without-medication

    It is very important to determine the main priority in the issue of treatment of fungal infection, and he certainly does not lie in the field of self-medication. The fact that long-term onychomycosis, which is not exposed to treatment, can not simply continue to spread, but also lead to allergic reactions, exacerbations of chronic.

    In only one appearance, to be fully confident at the beginning of the changes in the structure of the nail plate is difficult. In addition, the fungus has dozens of types. To prescribe treatment requires a precise diagnosis, but it can be obtained on the basis of scraping with nails, and further tests under the microscope. This data should be used to determine the type of fungal infection, but if the data is not enough, the part of the nail is placed in a special solution, which recreated ideal conditions for the growth of fungus, and based on the test, the doctor determines the problem.

    How to treat fungus

    Today, the treatment of nails that have mastered the fungus occurs humane compared to the methods that were used decades ago when the affected nail could simply remove surgically.

    Now such a radical method of treatment is not used, and he was replaced by a neat and painless treatment of the nail plate. The device is a special purpose almost completely cut down the nail, and it is completely eliminated from the surface of the fungus. The number of sessions of this treatment determined by the physician.

    Despite the fact that fungal infections are a great many treatment for them almost always the same in duration, and can range from 3 to 6 months. Again it is important to note that any methods of folk treatment of nails, whichnumerous experts suggest to use in the home, do not work, and the fungus will still continue to peacefully develop on the skin of the feet.

    Today, the removal of the nails are still can be claimed, but only as a measure of treatment absolutely necessary, and only when, the total area of destruction is more than half of the nail on the toe. When an area smaller lesions the doctor prescribes a treatment: medications antifungals.

    About treatment ingrown toenail — read it is Worth noting that with proper and full course of treatment, the fungus does not return, however, relapse cases much more, and primarily because of ignoring the rules of prevention. You could even say that the most effective means of combating fungal infection is prevention.

    Is just something just to fulfill certain requirements:

    • Try to avoid walking barefoot in public areas;
    • For the beach you should use strictly your belongings, Slippers and towel;
    • You can buy a special spray, which would provide an additional safety line from the spores of the fungus;
    • The legs should be treated with a cream.

    Be sure to follow good hygiene, avoid walking in the narrow and uncomfortable shoes, keep your feet clean.