How to cure fungus toenails: a review of drugs
Settled on the surface epithelium of the fungus is a parasite, it can poison the life of any person. Whereas a lot of trouble and grief will cause the fungus that forms on the skin of the foot or on the toes.
Women who are victim of such fungus, immediately after detection starts to occupy the external side of the problem — the cracking, peeling skin, accompanied by a yellowing, crumbling nails — but, according to experts, aesthetic problem in this case is not the main.
We are talking about a fairly serious illness in need of prolonged treatment.
The mechanism of occurrence of nail fungus on feet
The disease manifests itself first on the surface of the foot, less often in the interdigital folds. In addition, between the fingers begins to experience peeling, accompanied by burning and itching.
Then the skin arise blisters which subsequently burst, forming painful ulcers and long not healing cracks. If you do not begin immediate treatment, the fungus then spread to the nails.
After getting into the nail plate, the disease continues to grow, then, as the fungus will multiply. Despite the fact of slowness, the fungus, however, will begin with time to peel back the layers of the nail, gradually absorbing it and taking root directly in the nail bed.
With the disease area total defeat will not only cover the nails on the feet – it will be thrown and arms. In some cases, there are lesions and internal organs, which can have lethal nature, however, such manifestations are very rare.
In particular, the formation of fungus on the nails and feet may vary in the degree of destruction depending on the type of infectious disease, not to mention the depth and extent of the lesion of the disease.
After throwing on the surface of the nail plate, the fungi begin to manifest as yellow spots or longitudinal stripes along the nail.
In certain cases, the presence of a disease can be recognized only in the case of observation of the bands of bright yellow color in the center of the nail plate. This phenomenon can occur not only on his feet, and secrecy of the disease over time could be, including on the hands.
How to determine the presence of the fungus at the initial stage
In some cases, it would be extremely difficult in the initial phase to determine the presence of fungus. Yeasts start to intonate the nail plate with a lateral region, and it will eventually start to lag behind from the nail bed and also to acquire a yellowish tint.
Often the disease is manifested with nail ridges, located usually athands. Cushions over time, thicken, swell and swell, getting red swollen shade, but on the edge of the observed silver scales, leading to the progressive disappearance of the nail skin. The process can additionally join and a bacterial infection, in this case, perhaps even the beginning of the suppurative process. The nutrition of the tissue in the area of the roller is disturbed, so that there are transverse grooves.
Another source of the disease can be a fungi that can cause onychomycosis only with the presence of already existing malnutrition of the nails, which could occur upon impact of other diseases.
In this case, and probably change the hue of the nail plate, which can be represented in yellow, blue or even green. Despite all the visual changes, the infected nail will still be considered superficial. In this case, it is worth noting that in some cases, the process of fungal spread can be caused by under the influence of several mushroom-like bacteria that have not yet in all cases there may be the reason of serious diseases and problems with nails.
When to go to the doctor
Finding signs of fungus, do not expect that all will pass by itself. The longer the fungus will live in the nails, the later is harder to treat, which will also affect the General functioning of the body.
Prolonged onychomycosis has the particularity of provoking an allergic reaction, weakening of the human immune system and can lead to the aggravation of any chronic diseases. Therefore, the best solution in the case first suspicion would be the doctor-mycologist or a dermatologist.
A specialist will not only be able to inspect, assess the extent of the damage, the structure of the nail, but also will make the skin tissues with the purpose of analysis. The only way the doctor can determine the presence of the disease, its appearance and prescribe appropriate treatment.
In addition, the doctor will take into account the prevalence of the microbial process, the shape of its lesions, the presence of any concomitant diseases, the regeneration of nails and much more. In our time, with the purpose of treatment using highly effective drugs of General and local action.
At the time of development of primary symptoms in the initial stages of the disease, when the total area of destruction of the nail are minor, can be restricted to local treatment. For this you will need to apply to nail bed a couple of times a day special antifungal drug of the family of antifungals) wide spectrum of activity, are sold in pharmacies in the form of ointments, creams or solutions.
Before applying the product conduct a specialsurface preparation of the nail. First preparing a soap-soda bath, which will require half fill a basin with hot water, add one tablespoon of baking soda and a small piece (fifty grams) of soap.
Requiring treatment the feet or fingers must be immersed in the treatment solution for about 10 or 15 minutes. As a result, all the layers of the keratinized nature should be handled nail clippers and nail file podelyatsya. Treatment should continue until monitoring the growth of healthy unaltered nail fungus.
It should be noted that the purpose of the manicure treatment patients, and healthy nails is not recommended to use the same facilities.
to drugs local actions include:
- drug zistan,
- as well as lamisil.
In addition, you can use mikospor, which is sold in a set with special waterproof tape. The product should be applied directly to the affected nails using the pipette and leave for the day, protecting the aforementioned waterproof plaster. Great fit and can be represented by 5% loceryl varnish (based on amorolfine) or 8% batrafen (based on ciclopiroxolamine).
Locurilor nails it is recommended to cover no more than two times a week. The treatment will last 6-8 months in the case of destruction of the nail plate on the hands and not less than one year directly on the legs. Batrafen should be applied on the affected areas every other day for the first month and subsequently reduce the number of treatments to 2 times a week during the second month of treatment, 1 times a week in the third month of usage of drug.
If local treatment does not help nail or nail plate is completely destroyed by the fungus, doctors prescribe drugs antifungals common actions. These drugs should be taken orally. Lamisil is a drug and its analogues, represented as:
- and anyone),
- Orungal medication (similar to presented in the form irunina and rumichaca),
- the drug diflucan (analogues presented in the form Mokosica, forkan, Flucostat and Mycomax),
- and the drug nizoral (similar to presented in the form of mycosoral).
They can be used directly in combination with an antifungal lacquer. In this case, it is very important to ensure no contraindications to the use of antifungals in common action. In particular, renal or hepatic insufficiency.
Systemic medications often contraindicated in children, in addition to this, they have serious limitations in the case of simultaneous use of along with some otherdrugs. For example, lamisil cannot be applied along with the hormonal contraceptives. When breastfeeding baby, women using such drugs is recommended to wait.
Pregnancy also indicates the prohibition of taking systemic antifungals. Hence the use of their women of childbearing potential should use contraception during the entire course of treatment.
In certain cases you will have to sacrifice the removal of the affected nail plate with the holding of subsequent effective treatment. Then will grow a new nail, but the surface during the first time periods may be irregular. Regardless of the prescribed treatment for a certain period of time the patient can be considered a sanitizer. In principle, one can try an unconventional approach, we have material on this topic, and described how things" should be Packed in a plastic bag and leave them there, at least for a day, then removed and thoroughly dried in the fresh air for several days.
So, in the end resistant treatment external factors of the disease should disappear, resulting finally appears healthy nails. Now, however, the patient will be required to pass tests to check for the presence of fungi at the end of treatment, and then another couple of weeks and have a final examination after 2 months of recovery. After getting rid of fungus should start thinking about how not to be the disease again.
Fungal nail in medical practice, refer to special term for onychomycosis. The disease is difficult to call it rare, despite the fact that it may seem at the beginning.
Onychomycosis is widespread in almost all countries worldwide and its percentage among all diseases of the nails comes to the level of 40 percent. The main causative agents of disease represented by fungi of the so-called dermatophytes (fungal parasites of the surface of the skin, hair and nails).
However, there are other culprits to the problem — different yeast or fungi. Regardless of gender, anyone can become a victim of onychomycosis with exactly the same success.
It should be noted that the risk increases directly with the age of the person. For example, in the 70 years the symptoms of onihomikozami observed every second man. Fortunately, toddlers and children from onychomycosis suffer much less, because the regeneration of tissues, in other words, replace the old nails with new, happens fairly quickly.
Even the nails in children are rising much faster than in an adult, while the fungus, in contrast, is developing veryslowly. However, to fully exclude the child from the risk group will not work.
Children are infected to a greater extent on parents and, oddly enough, by the parent wearing the shoes: flaunting around the house in my mother's shoes, a small child at risk to get the mother's infection. Intact, healthy nail is considered to be virtually immune to fungal infection, however, the modified nails, for example, as a result of injury – can become easy prey to the fungus.
The important role played by the General condition of the body. Risks of disease are growing in violation of the tonus of the vessels of the legs, for example, in the case of heart failure or varicose veins.
Similar can be said about the presence of disorders in the endocrine system. Another important reason is diabetes, which must be required to vigilantly monitor the overall condition of the surface of your nails, because in such cases, the fungi can be considered especially heavy.
Flat feet, as well as too narrow shoes are conducive to injuries of the skin or nails. Stockings or socks made from synthetic fibers, the presence or absence of poor ventilation in the shoes creates an extremely humid microclimate directly on the skin of the feet.
Constant contact of the hands with different detergents or cleaning household tools can significantly injure the nails. All this increases the risks of the disease, but sometimes danger is hiding in the process of "care" about their appearance: for example, false nails can provide on the surface of the nail creating favorable conditions for the development of fungal diseases.
To avoid any trouble, you just need to be careful. Trouble it can turn an ordinary swimming pool, baths, or gymnasium and in some cases burnt by the sun of the beach.
It is worth noting that the causative agents of onychomycosis is incredibly resistant to various external factors. Fungal spores can withstand drying, heating to 100 degrees, and even freezing to -60 degrees Celsius. They are quite able to survive powerful "attack" disinfectants frequently used in public places, in consequence of which constitute a permanent threat to the human immune system.
In the beach sand for months fungal bacteria can persist in a viable state. Although the process of relaxation involves walking barefoot on the beach. That is why in recent years, doctors recommend the use of special Slippers for swimming and walking on sand or pebbles.