Candidiasis: General provisions and types of the disease
Candidiasis, also often called thrush because of the specific type of discharge is a fungal disease caused by fungi of the Candida family. And it concerns a disease not only of sexual organs, as, again, many erroneously suppose, but other mucous membranes and even the skin surface.
As a rule, it is Important to stress that candidiasis are frequently found gynecological diseases, which provoke the development of thrush, so it is important not just reducing the activity of the fungus but also the identification and treatment of the causes that led to its reproduction.
In addition to gynecological diseases, reduce the immune system can the following factors:
- Antibiotics and steroid drugs sense.
- Endocrine disease in the first place is diabetes, then the obesity and hypothyroidism.
- Almost all infectious diseases, especially those that are localized in the urogenital system, ranging from syphilis and ending with chlamydia.
- Lower immunity and age factor or physiological condition, pregnancy.
- After surgery is always a decrease in protective functions of the organism.
By itself, the candidiasis is not a dangerous disease, especially it does not lead to serious consequences, but its symptoms are always substantially reduce the quality of life, including this applies to sexual activity.
Types of candidiasis
The first type is a yeast infection. When the fungus is localized in the mucous membranes of the mouth, lips, palate. Usually this type is found in people with HIV. He can develop on the background of normal immunity, but in case of endocrine problems. The reason in this case may be either diabetes or irritation from external factors, for example, from the denture.
Candidiasis of the intestine
Infection that initially takes its spread from the oral cavity may be in the intestine. In this case, there is a risk of a esophagitis, a disease that is characterized by inflammation of the intestinal mucosa. This type of candidiasis occurs in people with AIDS or cancer patients after chemotherapy.
The fungus is rarely localized on the skin, yet it is important for the environment, but on the diaper where there is constant moisture, it is possible to detect Candida. At risk may include the following indications:
- Frequent wearing of rubber gloves.
- The edges of the skin, under the nails, especially in those cases where hands are constantly in contact with water.
- The folds of skin on the buttocks and in the groin area.
- Candidiasis genital
The most common candidiasis that occurs in almost every woman. According to statistics, more than 75%women at least once in my life had treatment for a vaginal infection, which was directly connected with the fungus. Almost half of the females were found with two or more cases of infection with thrush.
The fact is that unlike men, women are much more susceptible to thrush due to certain structure of the genital organs. In addition, there are several factors that contribute to such a frequent infection of yeast infection of women is:
- The contraceptive drugs, especially hormonal kind.
- Frequent douching.
- Visceral candidiasis
This type is distributed by the blood throughout the body. Therefore, it can cause serious infectious disease. In addition, visceral candidiasis can develop in the newborn, especially due to low immunity or pathology.
Contact Candida in the blood may occur at surgery or via a catheter.