Dermoid cyst: symptoms and treatment of ovarian tumor
Thick-walled capsule with mucus in which it is possible to observe fragments of bones, teeth, nervous tissue, hair and grease — that's what is dermoid cyst of the ovary. When you reach the cyst in the ovary of large size, the woman begins to experience pain in abdomen which give the shot in the lower back, and violations of the chair.
This type of cystic masses has a tendency to the formation of the inflammatory process, which can be observed even torsion of the cyst.
It should be noted immediately that we are talking about dermoid cyst as benign tumor, is a tumor in the ovary that may occur and develop in 10-15% of the fairer sex. As a rule, the cyst is oval or circular geometry, and can reach 15 inches in diameter!
The reasons for the formation
Dermoid cyst may form as a result of violations of fetal development of the embryo, the tissues of the ovary must remain embryonic leaves. On the other hand, this does not necessarily mean pregnancy, because the cyst can appear at any age any woman.
By and large, medicine still cannot give a single answer to the question about the reasons of development of these cysts. Accepted reasons for the development to see hormonal disturbances in puberty age or climate, as well as some doctors tend to see the causes of cyst injury and mechanical damage of the abdomen.
From the point of view of the development of neoplasms may be noted that it takes a long time for the growth of dermoid cyst. Dermoid cyst is always located on one side of the ovary, the most common right-sided location of the cyst. Sorry, it should be noted that in 1-3% of cases, the disease can degenerate into a malignant tumor, specifically in squamous cell carcinoma.
For the overall development can find information about the causes On its initial stage of a dermoid cyst does not appear, it has no symptoms, and detection of the cyst is usually by chance on routine gynecologic examination. The main symptoms begins to make itself felt by increasing the size of the cyst.
The first symptoms of the cysts can be unpleasant sensations of heaviness in the abdomen, it is possible to note an increase in the abdomen, bloating. The large size of dermoid tumors can start to put pressure on the bladder or rectum, which instantly begins to manifest itself in problems with urination or constipation and diarrhea.
It can be stated, and the complication in the disease. It is possibleto observe a sharp rise in temperature, weakness and increased pain in the abdomen.
Diagnosis of the disease
Dermoid cyst may be detected during gynecological examination, it is necessary to conduct a vaginal-abdominal examination. Upon inspection of the dermoid cyst is palpated. Most constructive identification of the cyst is the study with the help of ultrasound. The doctor determines the main parameters of the tumor, the size, the thickness of capsule, intensity of blood supply. If even then doubts remain, it is possible to diagnose on MRI.
Treatment of ovarian tumor
Today the only treatment for dermoid cyst is surgical intervention in which a dermoid cyst is completely removed. Surgical volume is always evaluated based on the parameters of education and age of the patient.
You can split the operations by age:
- Patients younger spend cystectomy;
- Patients at the age of menopause more suitable procedure oophorectomy.
During laparoscopy, there is a complete removal of the cyst from the ovary. It is important to note that after the surgery, doctors recommend only a year to plan conception.
If we are talking about the complication, and the patient is diagnosed with inflammation of the neoplasm or torsion legs cysts, surgery should be performed urgently — the cyst should be removed immediately.
If dermoid cyst identified in a timely manner, and were not observed complications, the prognosis of the treatment and condition of the reproductive system is fully favorable.
Recurrence of dermoid cyst in the practice is extremely rare, and the cause of repeated occurrence may be only the presence in tissues of the ovary are not removed rudiments of dermoid cysts, which continued its development. It is also important to note that after complete removal of the cysts will need to undergo routine checkups at the gynecologist twice a year.
Why does the cyst need to be removed? Prolonged course of the disease there is a risk of torsion legs at any moment at any movement and physical activity. And along with the torsion may start festering, or in a really bad way, the degeneration of the cyst to a malignant tumor.