Cyst on the gums of the tooth
Cystic formation, cysts on the gums of the tooth is a lesion that is filled with pus. You can still call it education just festering bag. In principle, in medical terminology, this term does not exist, and therefore will focus on the accepted definition of a cyst.
The reasons for the formation
As the cyst is a direct consequence of purulent inflammation, to offer at least three factors, the reasons that lead to this inflammation:
- Ignored caries, or pulpitis. Cysts are necessary for periodontitis, and he, in turn, develops on the background not cured caries and pulpitis. While in the apex of the tooth root begins to form purulent inflammation. Pus is becoming more pyogenic germs and bacteria are working for the glory, and the pus seeks exit, accumulating under the mucosa of the gums. As a result, we are seeing the formation of a kind of purulent sack called a cyst.
Important! With pulpitis, the inflammatory process affects only the pulp of the tooth and goes into the surrounding tissue. However, over time the pulp rots and is destroyed, and the pus gets into the surrounding tooth tissue.
- Poorly performed root canal therapy. The second reason is the full consequence of the human factor, but it should be clarified that according to statistics, in 70% of cases root canal therapy goes wrong and with different degrees of errors.
The result of such filling – complications until the complete removal of the tooth. In an unsealed channel is always to start to develop an infection to form pus. As a result, there is a real abscess. In this case, if the inflammation formed and a significant amount of pus, it begins to seek a way out that leads to the formation of purulent cyst.
- Perforation of the tooth. During filling of the root canal the dentist can be committed another error – perforation of the wall of the root canal, in other words – dentist is doing in the wall of the hole.
As a result of such mechanical damage on the site of the perforation may occur with an infection. The cyst in this case it is easy to consider and determine on x-ray.
As for the reasons for the occurrence of cysts due to periodontitis, we note here the formation of periodontal pockets with purulent contents. In this case, the depth of bone tissue destruction can reach up to 8 mm.
It can be noted, ment of the cyst, and then start the therapeutic procedure.
The opening of the cyst by means of a scalpel and incision of the mucosa is necessary in order to conduct the outflow of pus, to drain the cyst and remove the manifestation of acute symptoms of inflammatoryphase.
If the cause of cyst lies in the periodontitis previously treated tooth, removing the pulp of this problem tooth. Next, the root canal needs to be treated and a good quality sealed.
Another option choice of therapy depends on if there is a cyst and pus formation on the background of the perforation of the root canal of the tooth. If the diagnosis confirms this particular cause, the cystic contents are removed and the root canal is treated. In this case, we can offer several methods:
- Removed the crown of the tooth and begins treatment. In addition to the crowns, removed the seal and the unsealing of the root canal. After the therapy again, everything is sealed and installed the crown.
- Surgical intervention is appropriate if the root canal is poorly sealed only at the very top. Method is to use a drill to cut the tip of the tooth is the level where the root canal is sealed in the ear accurately.
This method allows not to remove and not to redo the entire crown, which in turn saves you serious finances.
- An integrated approach combines therapeutic and surgical methods of treatment. As a rule, the complex approach yields the most positive results.