The brain cyst: treatment and symptoms
A brain cyst is a benign tumor, which is localized in the brain, and is a hollow spherical shape, which is filled with a specific liquid.
Among all of the reasons that can result in the formation of a tumor, doctors distinguish several main is:
- Anomaly of the brain associated with the period of intrauterine development of the fetus;
- The tissue damage is the result of brain injury;
- A disturbance in the blood supply to the lobes of the brain, which can go into ischemia and necrosis;
- Bleeding in the brain;
- Inflammatory processes, abscesses;
- Changes brain degenerative or dystrophic nature.
Classification of tumours
Primarily on the classification of cystic tumors is influenced by tumor location. In medicine there are the following localizations:
- Arachnoid. Here the tumor is located in the cavity between the meninges;
- Intracerebral. The tumor is in the brain tissue.
You can also suggest another classification, by origin, is:
- Congenital cyst. This type of cyst is the result of negative processes during intrauterine development of the fetus. In addition, disorders, and tumor formation may be due to the fact that there was asphyxia of the brain;
- Acquired cysts due to the presence of injury, hemorrhage, inflammation, abscess.
The following classification, which offers medicine, it is the analysis of tumor tissue. Select the main:
All types except the arachnoid belong to the cerebral location of the cysts. Below we discuss each type in more detail.
Arachnoid cyst – a tumor of spherical shape, which contains the cerebrospinal fluid. It may be noted that this type of cysts in men is more common than in women. If the brain tumor has shown no signs of growth, then there was no need in surgical intervention. Necessarily, in this case, the constant, systematic medical observation. If the detected increase of the tumor, the need for surgical intervention increases.
Colloidal cyst is formed along with the development of the Central nervous system, and no symptoms she does not give up the moment of transition for the critical size of tumors. Once this happens, the fluid that accumulate in the cyst, blocked the development of hydrocephalus. In thisoption requires urgent surgical intervention.
Dermoid cyst is the result of abnormal brain development. Such a brain tumor is due to the fact that during intrauterine development, the cells that were to form the baby's face remain in the region of the brain, stuck between the brain and spinal cord. In this case, it is recommended urgent treatment in the form of surgical intervention.
Epidermoid cyst of the brain has the same relation to the abnormal circumstances associated with the cells, but here the role played by cells that were supposed to go to the "construction" of the skin, hair, nails. Here, it is also required surgical intervention.
Pineal cyst occurs less often. Statistics show that only 1-5% of cases the diagnosis is just that. There is a tumor in the pineal body, and virtually asymptomatic, plus it does not cause any discomfort in humans.
With small size of tumors, it will never cause any specific symptoms and may be discovered by accident, such as checkups.
Symptoms appear once the tumour reaches a large size, and it all depends on where the tumor is localized, what kind of fabric are subjected to pressure, whether there is a violation of the outflow of fluid. However, the symptoms may include the following symptoms:
- Frequent headaches;
- Sense of pulsation in the region of the brain;
- Blurred vision, diplopia, blurring of images.
- Hearing loss, noise in the ears;
- Tremor in the extremities;
- Sleep disturbance;
- Nausea, vomiting.
The main methods of diagnostics of a cyst of the brain applies to MRI and CT. Both methods allow to accurately determine the localization of cyst, and its size. In addition, diagnostics allow to accurately separate the cyst from cancer. With the introduction of contrast medium, only the tissues of malignant tumors begin to accumulate, while the tumor remains indifferent to it.
Apply in the same ECG, Echo-KG, which help to determine whether there are problems with the heart, which can lead to disruption of normal blood supply to the lobes of the brain of the patient.
Monitoring of blood pressure gives doctors the ability to define the risk group, whichis in direct proportion to the education of strokes.
Just a blood test, which gives the opportunity to determine which reason was the basis of the formation of the cyst. This happens, by definition, markers of inflammatory process, the identification of the level of cholesterol in the blood, autoimmune diseases, atherosclerosis in the brain.
How to treat the tumor
If the tumor is not growing, and there are no symptoms or discomfort, it is advisable to begin treatment of the cyst, but just to be observed by a neurologist and begin treatment of the disease, which causes the formation of cysts. Usually, enough taking certain drugs. It could be the drugs anti-bacterial-wing, antiviral agents, immunomodulators, and drugs that are responsible for the resorption of the adhesions and restoration of normal blood circulation and saturation of blood of the lobes of the brain.
If the brain cyst started to grow, doctors always recommend the use of surgical treatment. Surgery can be divided into three groups:
In the first part of the operation of radical type, for example, craniotomy, after which the cyst is completely removed. The effectiveness of the method are quite high, but trauma is also quite a high level.
The second method is the grafting of the cyst, which involved a drainage tube. Once the liquid from the cavity of the cyst is removed, e wall spontaneously closed. Unfortunately, this method has a disadvantage, and it refers to the high risk of infection.
Endoscopy is included in the third group of surgical intervention, least traumatic, and can be used for any type of cystic neoplasm.
Forecast for the treatment of cysts of the brain strictly depends on the stage of detection and the size of the cystic cavity. Despite its small size, the prognosis is favorable, with a serious growth of cysts, complicated treatment, and it affects the overall forecast.