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Cyst of the liver: treatment, the main symptoms and causes

Liver cyst is a fluid-filled cavity that forms in the tissues of the liver. Education can be divided into several types, but in origin it can be either parasitic or neparastais.

Parasitic cysts are caused by parasites of the family and hydatid alveococcosis. Neparazitna cyst is divided into:

  • True, innate;
  • About acquired in the process of life.

The main symptoms

The first is to pay attention to the most obvious signs of the formation of cysts:

  • Chronic pain in the liver area;
  • Bursting after a meal, heaviness;
  • Constant heartburn;
  • The increase in size of the liver.

It is important to note that the clinical manifestations hepatic cysts are in direct contact with the tumor size. So, for example, small or medium-sized cyst of the liver may not need to submit any sign of its existence.

With a significant size of cysts begin to manifest and the symptoms, and the first thing is increased in the liver itself.

Polycystic liver can occur completely asymptomatic. Observe symptoms only when complications of liver cysts, which can occur at age 40-50 years.

The development of hepatomegaly is due to the fact that the liver, increasing in size, begins to push on nearby organs, as a result, and all clinical manifestations, including heartburn, belching, pain. The development of the disease leads to weight loss, extreme fatigue.

In congenital hepatic fibrosis, the development of a child slows down, and the belly size is increased in disproportionate amounts. All this leads to varicose veins of the esophagus and bleeding in the region of the gastrointestinal tract.


In this case, we are interested in the causes of true cysts. The main reason there is a problem in utero development of the fetus.

The second reason may be trauma, inflammation, recurrence of the cyst of the liver after the removal of the parasitic education.

Polycystic liver disease appears to be hereditary nature and reason of acts mutation in certain genes.

Congenital fibrosis is a hereditary cause of the disease, which is transmitted in an autosomal recessive manner. Plus there is always a connection with some congenital diseases of other organs.

How to treat a cystliver

Accurate diagnosis and identification of type of cyst the liver the doctor puts on the basis of the results of the ultrasound on the ultrasound and the CT scan of the abdomen. Sometimes for more accurate diagnosis requires an MRI. After that treatment. For the treatment is mainly using surgery, i.e. the removal of cysts.

If we are talking about parasitic cysts, their diagnosis will require serology, and quite specific, because the necessary is the analysis of the Echinococcus cysts.

After diagnosis and determination of size of liver cysts, the doctor decides on the admission of the patient, and also offers several treatment options.

If the cyst is not more than three centimeters in diameter, surgery is not necessary, the patient will be required to perform ultrasound examination to detect any changes in the level of education.

When the diameter of cysts from five centimeters or above, your doctor recommends surgery, and to delay the operation is not recommended due to the possible development of complications.

With a small amount of cyst surgery is recommended in case of jaundice. When considering how invasive it is possible to allocate two basic approaches, which are quite effective in this case is:

  • Conventionally radical. When the surgeon removes the cyst so as not to affect healthy tissue around the mass. Also here can be applied husking cystic masses, in this case, you will have to remove and education, and part of the surrounding liver tissue;
  • Excision of the cyst so that it was possible to drain the area of oral education. In addition, surgery is used and minimally invasive intervention that, when administered to a special needle through the skin and drain the cyst under CT and ultrasound;

You can select the same the fenestration is the excision of the thinned walls of the cyst of the liver. This method has gained recognition in the treatment of polycystic formations. For a long time polycystic didn't move infestations, only treat the symptoms and all.

In the case of a complication and the beginning of a terminal failure, it is necessary to resort to the only way of saving life – a liver transplant.

Congenital fibrosis may require simple conservative treatment, which will attend therapy to reduce hypertension, as well as Troubleshooting with concomitant diseases.