A cyst of the prostate (adenoma): causes, signs, photos, effects
A cyst is a cavity in normal tissue of the human body of a certain size with a liquid inside. Cysts appear in almost any internal organ, and the prostate too. The difference lies in the characteristics of the disease and what type of cystic masses was found.
Why do I get cyst
A cyst of the prostate is really unpleasant, but, unfortunately, common disease. Over the life of the cyst comes from 20% of men. It may be congenital or acquired, and not in equal amounts, as born of the cyst is registered in 10% of all cases. Everything else is given to cases of acquired cystic masses.
Acquired cysts usually are the result of disease of any organ, and it happens in Mature or old age. Cysts are considered one of the types of complications due to chronic or acute prostatitis.
The cyst can appear due to the deterioration of the outflow of fluid from the gland or because of an increase in the formation of secret. Exactly the same causes can be the result and process, which is triggered by microorganisms.
Cysts noninfectious origin occur after a non-infectious inflammation which is caused by certain physiological processes.
All varieties of cysts may be combined with each other. From the aggregate depends on the size and location of the cyst.
Signs and symptoms of cysts
The cyst is dangerous because for a long time can be hidden and not give himself away. Very often the cysts are discovered completely by accident during a routine inspection at the contact of a completely different profile. However, cysts have rather clear manifestations:
- Frequent urge to urinate.
- The increase of night urination.
- Weakening of the urine stream.
- Pain in pelvis while urinating.
- The increase in temperature, which occurs repeatedly.
- Discomfort during ejaculation.
- The weakening of erectile function and the development of impotence.
All of these symptoms at the same time, characteristic of other prostate diseases. So you should consult your doctor to he appointed complex of diagnostic measures.
The definition of cysts
On the basis of subjective complaints, the diagnosis is impossible. The doctor performs a manual analysis, feeling the gland through the rectum. The presence of cysts is logged if there is an elastic rounded tumour.
Ultrasound prostate provides complete information about the structure of the gland and the presence in it of cysts. Ultrasound shows the size of the cyst, its structure and location. More informative doctors recognize transrectal ultrasound, which is used more often than usual, despite some discomfort, whichthe patient is experiencing.
As a rule, the patient and sent for laboratory investigation of semen, urine, blood, and juice of the prostate. If that's not enough, is puncture and analysis of cyst contents.
Treatment of cysts
When the necessary information is collected about the cyst, the doctor chooses one of several types of treatment. This can be a tactic of observation. In this case, the cyst should be small, as not to cause discomfort, and does not grow. The doctor recommends regular tests to monitor the size of cyst.
Treatment with medication is appointed, if already known the reason that caused the appearance of the cyst. Doctors may decide to assign puncture.
With ultrasound, doctors performed a lumbar puncture, removing the contents of the cyst. Together with the puncture can be provided, bonding the walls of the cyst. This is introduced into the cyst alcohol or other substances. If there has been a rapid growth of the cyst, then surgery is indicated. It is, given the size and location of the cyst. The doctor may choose to access through the rectum, urethra, perineum or abdominal wall.
The choice of treatment of the cyst depends on its size, type, location. The doctor examines the test results and manifestations of the cysts, and then selects the treatment regimen.
The consequences that may arise
You can't ignore the symptoms of the cyst, moreover, is extremely dangerous to delay the process of treatment, because it can cause serious consequences. For example, the cyst may suppurate and melt.
Moreover, inappropriate or inadequate treatment, the cyst may burst and thaw, it will affect the surrounding tissue, namely, the bladder, the urethra and the pelvis. Cyst can also cause acute urinary retention. When lendlease the treatment of cysts may occur deformation of the prostate and blood vessels that are located nearby, as it happens with a cyst of the liver.
These complications are not always, but it is necessary to begin a correct treatment of the cyst to avoid risks.
The prevention of cysts
To reduce the probability of occurrence of the cyst of the prostate, you need to follow some preventive recommendations. First and foremost, upon reaching the age of 35-40, there should be regular medical examination.
If there was the slightest symptoms of cysts, you need to immediately consult a doctor. It is unacceptable to start the treatment of all urological diseases.
Compliance with these measures will reduce the risk of cysts of the prostate.