Ovarian cyst, endometriosis: causes, symptoms, effective treatment and photo
Endometrioid cyst, which is located in the tissues of the ovary, often called chocolate tumor, because of content, but it is a thick brown substance. Education develops either inside the ovary or on its surface.
As a rule, the maximum size, which reaches endometriotic cyst does not exceed the diameter of 12 inches. The most common cyst occurs in women of reproductive age. The main problem in the diagnosis of the disease, as well as a huge number of symptoms, due to the fact that during the menstrual cycle may be a violation of the integrity of the cyst and all its contents flow into the abdominal cavity.
The exact cause has not been elucidated, although there are several theories. The most important is the assumption about the relationship of the cyst and migration of endometrial cells. Cells enter the tissue of the ovary and begin there to develop in the format of the cyst. The drift cells can take place as a result of:
- Operations gynaecological;
- During the procedure for diathermocoagulation of the cervix.
Some hypotheses present data on the occurrence of cysts as a result of substitution of embryonic tissue, weakening of immunity or activation of a genetic defect. In addition clinically confirmed the relationship between the endometriotic cyst and endocrine problems.
The main factors that are the catalyst for starting the formation of cysts are the following:
- Long and unfounded the wearing of intrauterine device;
- Stress and disorders of the nervous system;
- Problems with the liver;
The main symptoms
Symptoms of the cyst in this disease strictly depends on three factors:
- Neglect of the disease;
- Connected and related diseases;
- The psychological state.
It is worth noting that in the vast majority of instances, a cyst is formed completely without symptoms and able to find her by chance, during routine gynecological examination. But during development, the cyst can affect the reproductive function of the patient.
The disease begins gradually felt, and the symptoms of the cyst already more explicit:
- Pronounced pain in the kidney area and the groin area, which has a tendency to increase during menstruation or sex;
- Heavy menstrual cycle;
- Intoxication, nausea, weakness;
Diagnosis of the disease
In some cases endometriotic cysts are detected during a pelvic exam, the cyst is detected in the form of a stiff and painful lesion in the ovary. For an accurate diagnosis of the disease used ultrasound and laparoscopy.
Ultrasound with Doppler show a complete lack of blood flow in the tissues of education, the analyses reveal normal blood levels of the tumor marker. The most accurate method of diagnosis in the case of endometriotic cyst is laparoscopy.
Treatment of ovarian cysts
Methods of cyst treatment can be different, and based on this:
- Conservative treatment of cysts involves the use of drugs anti-inflammatory and analgesic in nature. Furthermore, this vitamins, enzymes, immunomodulators and non-specific hormonal therapy;
- Operative or surgical intervention. The cyst is completely removed;
- The combined treatment. It works surgery and conservative treatment of the cyst.
We can say that any of the methods aimed not only at elimination of the cyst and its consequences, but also on the prevention of relapses or progression of the disease.
Therapy is always done, given the condition of the patient, and taking into account the duration of the disease and common symptoms. In addition, the decisive role played by the woman's age, tolerance of certain medications, problems with reproductive function.
If the cyst is at an early stage of development and yet is small in size, the doctor may prescribe a course of hormonal drugs:
Pain that its increase causes of endometriotic cyst of the ovary, cropped nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, sedative and spasmolytic drugs. If the method is ineffective, and the cyst continues to increase in size, especially when the risk of degeneration of the cyst to a malignant tumor, the doctor prescribes a mandatory surgical intervention.
After removing the cyst, the patient must undergo a course of rehabilitation with the use of hormonal drugs. In addition, in the period after the removal of the cyst recommended the holding of a special physiotherapy, which needs to adjust the endocrine system, the processes of infiltration and to prevent the recurrence of cysts, which happens very rarely.