Luteal cyst and right ovary: symptoms and treatment
Luteal ovarian cyst is a functional cyst. It is formed after the cell leaves the follicle and after ovulation the follicle begins to transform into a temporary gland of internal secretion.
This gland is also called the yellow body of the ovary and is responsible for the production of the "pregnancy hormone", estrogen and progesterone.
In other words, its primary function is to prepare the female body for conception. If conception does not occur, the woman is not pregnant, the corpus luteum usually disappears, dissolves after some time.
That is, answering the question completely disappears when luteal cyst, it is possible to make two conclusions:
- first, if the woman is not pregnant, the cyst after a time absorbed,
- second, if the woman has conceived, cystic lesion resolves in the second trimester of pregnancy.
However, if the corpus luteum fills with fluid or blood, it is converted to luteal acid, which remains in the body of the ovary. Generally, this type of cyst is formed only on one side of the ovary, and does not cause any subjective sensations, not symptoms.
The reasons for the development
The main cause of luteal ovarian cysts is hormonal imbalance or hormonal failure in the body of the patient. In some cases, the cause are drugs, it concerns the case when drugs are used to treat infertility and can be on a hormonal basis. The risk of luteal cysts in this case increases manifold.
We give a simple example, for example, the drug "clomid" stimulates ovulation in order to increase the chance of conception. But at the same time it increases the probability of formation of luteal ovarian cyst.
In the second case the hormonal medications used to stop ovulation, these include primarily oral contraceptives, on the contrary, are in the form of means which prevent the emergence and development of luteal ovarian cyst.
The size and complication
The vast majority of cases, a normal luteal ovarian cyst is characterized by small size, can sometimes present a cyst, which reaches a large enough size, maximum tumor 10 cm in diameter.
The danger of this type of cysts that turning in a large size, it has the potential to cause ovarian torsion. This is a condition in which blood flow to the source is completely blocked, owing to the cessation of blood flow begins necrosis of the ovary.
In some cases there is a rupture of luteal cysts of the ovary. In this case, the injury leads to internalbleeding and in quite severe pain. Cyst rupture always requires surgery, and cystic tumors should be removed. This is especially true if we are talking about what is formed is characterized by a sharp pain in the groin area and a fever.
Another symptom is the development of a luteal ovarian cyst may be irregular menstruation, and absence of menstruation. Disorders the growth of cysts in size.
And yet, as the yellow body of the ovary is responsible for the production in large quantity of pregnancy hormone, estrogen and progesterone, during the formation of luteal cysts, and in rare cases may experience the same symptoms as early pregnancy in women, that is:
- There is increased sensitivity of the mammary glands,
- there is nausea,
- missing menstruation during a cycle,
- there is a General fatigue and sleepiness,
- constant feeling of lethargy.
The complete absence of menstruation, minor vaginal bleeding and pain in the abdomen can directly talk about the development of luteal cysts of the ovary. The fact that these symptoms may indicate other serious health problems, primarily we are talking about ectopic pregnancy.
In order to confirm the diagnosis it will be necessary to conduct specific analyses and studies, ultrasound examination, blood test for human chorionic gonadotropin. Be confirmed by the manifestation of ovarian cysts and neoplasms.
This blood test will help confirm or exclude pregnancy in the early stages. Note that a luteal ovarian cyst does not threaten a healthy pregnancy and in most cases, after the beginning of the second trimester, this cystic tumor completely, the self disappears and does not cause any complications.