Solitary cyst of the kidney: symptoms and treatment
At this point in time solitary cyst of kidney (right or left) is one of the most common varieties of this type of disease. This is caused by the fact that it is a simple cystic formation.
Pathology in the majority of cases are asymptomatic, so detection of the presence of tumors obtained only accidentally, during routine medical examinations or surveys, in fact the presence of other concomitant somatic diseases.
The so-called localization of the pathological focus can be quite different. For example, in clinical practice there are cases the location of the cysts directly to:
- thicker tissues of the kidneys,
- in the area of its cortical layers (so-called cortical cyst),
- near the pelvis without a specific message with the lining cavity.
In addition, the disease is classified by the number of tumors. It should be noted that in the terminology of the defeat of one kidney by multiple cysts is called multicostata, whereas both the left and right kidney – polycystic.
Clinic solitary cysts
The development of simple cysts of the kidney, the professionals most often associated with the presence of specific contributing factors. For example, consider the risk of the disease increases significantly in cases of:
- Chronic infectious processes in the kidneys (chronic pyelonephritis)
- Significant kidney injury (deep wound, surgery, serious injuries)
- Other oncological processes in the kidneys and sclerosis of the renal arteries.
The main feature of all the above conditions is considered to be involvement of the renal tissues. In this case, the disturbed permeability of one or more collective tubules, which work to channel the conduct or the reabsorption of primary urine. it will also be important to begin to eat properly, as the symptoms directly associated with the affected area of the body. For example, most patients often notice the stable presence of a dull or aching pain in the lumbar region, which, as a rule, only amplified due to physical exertion.
The probability and the presence of hypertensive syndrome and hematuria. Symptoms last more common in the case of location of cystic cavity in the area of the renal pelvis. Generally Conservative treatment of cysts in the organs, as a rule, is not used. The practical elimination of the painful swelling is possible only through the use of a surgical way. However, pharmacological therapy is often required in the form of supportive and preventive factors.
Drugs pharmacologicaltreatment applied on the basis of the patient's symptom complex. Simple cysts in the kidneys, as mentioned earlier, often leads to development of hypertension.
In the event of a significant increase in blood pressure a possible scenario of introducing the patient to the drug combination of papaverine and Dibazol intramuscularly. In addition, can be used magnesium sulfate, while in particularly serious cases, a tool such as clonidine.
In the case of suppuration of the cystic cavity with the development of concomitant pyelonephritis patients prescribed a course of antibiotics with mandatory use of drugs, such as:
- or Amoxiclav.
Radical way of treatment of oncological manifestations is their surgical removal. It should be noted that the surgical experience of the last decade ordered the operation subject to public access, with a fairly wide opening of the affected kidney.
While modern advances in medicine make it possible to perform all the operational nuances through the use of special laser technology, without affecting the greater part of the body.