Diplococci in a smear from men and women
Diplococci belong to a rather dangerous species of bacteria, which not only lead to bacterial infection but also are the causative agents of gonorrhea.
Today in medicine are divided diplococci in several varieties:
- The gonococci. These bacteria are the direct causative agents of gonorrhea in men and women. Also note that the gonococcus is the most pathogenic representative of the diplococci. It is easily identified by smear men and women and the level of white blood cells.
- Meningococcus. The bacteria causing meningococcal infection. Diplococci in this form differs from other types of low mobility and very low resistance to low temperatures. From the point of view of pathogenicity of the meningococcus is inferior to the gonococcus, however, causes a disruption in the mucosa of the nasopharynx and on the shell of the brain, which is quite dangerous consequence of his actions.
- Pneumococcus — a bacterium causing pneumococcal disease, which is characterized by photophobia, shortness of breath, disorientation in space, pain in the chest, fever and mandatory catarrhal symptoms. The disease is easily treatable with antibiotics.
- Extracellular diplococci. Bacteria of this species can be a violation of microflora, so when they are found in smears from men and women, recommended a re-direction for analysis.
Important! We emphasize once again that the most common diplokokkom, which is found in smear men and women is gonorrhea.
Diplococci in a smear from a woman
First of all, denote a normal state of vaginal microflora, which must be present:
- Lactic bacteria — sticks Doderlein.
- Certainly the presence of white blood cells that are resistant to all infections.
- A small amount of various mushrooms.
Thus, diplococci in a smear from a woman are pathogenic agents that should not be present in the vagina.
Microbial flora of the vagina consists of 98% of lactobacilli. In principle, in smear you can always find
The causes of this kind of diplococci only one – sexual intercourse with a carrier and without the protection of barrier type, that is, without a condom. Other ways of transmission of the gonococcus does not exist.
To diagnose most of the diplococci is not difficult for the experienced doctor. Each of the diseases that are caused by the cocci, there are specific symptoms. However, finally getting an accurate diagnosis is only after laboratory tests.
We define key methods of analyses that allow you with 100% accuracy to determine the presence of any type of diplococci:
- Bacterioscopyspecific emissions.
- Sowing ascites-agar.
- Analysis of urine (urine).
If there is doubt about the test results, you can conduct a culture diagnosis. To obtain the most valid result of the analysis, the smear should be prepared. Display basis of preparation:
- 48 hours before the date of the smear must stop sexual contact.
- The bladder will not be emptied for at least 2-3 hours prior to the Deposit of biological material.
Important! If the patient, man or woman are taking certain antibiotics or other drugs, this must be reported to the doctor. The only way to adjust the results of the analysis.
As for the question of treatment upon detection of diplococci in a smear, then therapy is always assigned, based on the type of pathogenic agent, and the faster you approach the issue of treatment, the easier it is. Advanced cases of any sexually transmitted and infectious diseases require longer treatment.