Mycoplasmosis in men and women: the symptoms and treatment
Mycoplasmosis – a disease which is caused by the penetration into the body of the parasite Mycoplasma. The parasite takes place between a virus and bacteria, but wonderful feeling in the human body. After the parasite enters, it can cause the following diseases:
- Issues and inflammation in the pelvic organs, and entire genitourinary system, both men and women;
- Inflammatory processes in uterus and uterine appendages;
- Vaginosis bacterial type;
- Kidney problems, including pyelonephritis;
- Can cause a decrease in the activity of sperm, and on this background lead to male infertility;
- Pathology in pregnancy, including premature birth, miscarriages.
It is important to note that the risk of Mycoplasma infections to the fetus are very high.
The fact is that if the parasite penetrates the fruit during its stay in the womb, the child may begin as a developmental disorder of the eye, pneumonia, infection of the genitourinary system.
Recent studies again confirmed that more than half of patients diagnosed with various diseases of the genitourinary system revealed and mycoplasmosis. In this case, each 10 patient mycoplasmosis can occur completely asymptomatic.
Aktiviziruyutsya parasite in the human body, once it starts to decrease immunity, against multiple stresses during pregnancy. Since the presence of Mycoplasma can cause serious disturbances in the development of the child, the pregnant woman must undergo review for mycoplasmosis.
The danger is quiet and asymptomatic disease that after a certain time after the detection of mycoplasmosis, it is already a fairly poor option that can be presented in the form of inflammation of the uterus in women, or inflammatory processes in the bladder or prostate gland in men. Besides, the more the disease started, the harder it is treatable, and the less positive it looks like the forecast for the final treatment result.
Causes of infection
The infection is transmitted in the following ways:
- During sexual contact, including oral and anal;
- In utero, from an infected mother to fetus.
It should be noted that infection girls the percentage is much higher than than the cases of boys. Statistics relentless, and the numbers say that the detection of Mycoplasma is more than a quarter of newborn female babies.
Interestingly, the body of a newbornthe child is able heal itself from Mycoplasma, and most often it occurs in boys. As for the statistics on the adult population, we can note that among the people who have a sex life, the presence of Mycoplasma is detected in 50% of women and 20% men. That is, the parasite is more likely to impress the female body. Men as well as boys, there are cases when the body itself suppresses the Mycoplasma, and women need to receive special treatment.
It should be noted that through the items of domestic use there are cases of infection, but they are extremely rare, and based on transmission of the parasite is unprotected sex. The incubation period of Mycoplasma takes up to 20 days, depending on the General condition of the patient and his ability to resist the parasite.
Symptoms of mycoplasmosis
The basic symptoms of mycoplasmosis in men:
- The urethra and paraurethral passages;
- The bladder and testicles;
- Mycoplasma can infect the prostate.
Main symptoms in women:
- Lose covers the urethra and paraurethral passages;
- Small and large vestibular gland;
- Often the affected the vagina and the ovary;
- The uterus and cervix, fallopian tubes.
Both men and women from the urethra of mycoplasmosis can be specific allocations that have multiple shades of white, can be the same yellowish or fully transparent.
And the main symptoms are:
- Pain during and after intercourse;
- Redness of the orifice of the urethra, plus pain during urination, burning sensation;
- If the process of mycoplasmosis has gone away, and start complications, the patient may experience specific pain in the scrotum, perineum, rectum;
- In women, the pain may be localized in the lower abdomen, lower back.
External symptoms of mycoplasmosis can be in the form of skin rashes and pain at the location of the liver, in addition, the patient frequently starts to hurt various colds, which is typical for men and women.
It is worth noting that the diagnosis of mycoplasmosis is quite difficult to deliver, simply because the Mycoplasma may be asymptomatic. But the manifestations, the symptoms are so similar to other problems of the genitourinary system that help to localize the infection with Mycoplasma need analysis for microscopy. Parasites toosmall for other kind of detection.
When the signs of the emergence of the Mycoplasma, the patient's smear is taken then explores several specific ways. I could also mention the study of blood, which is taken from the vein. The analysis reveals the presence of antibodies to the parasite.
Treatment of mycoplasmosis
First and foremost, mycoplasmosis treatment begins with antibiotic use, it azalide, macrolides, tetracyclines. Each of the offered remedies quite successfully fighting with the parasite, but the doctors warned that the possibility exists, is small, within 10%, which the parasite has become drug-resistant and untreatable, thus, fails to eliminate the pathogen, in the body of the patient.
If a physician is faced with such a manifestation of mycoplasmosis, it is possible to talk about the need for a comprehensive and combined antibiotic therapy. You may need immunotherapy, physiotherapy, installation of the urethra. However, all methods of treatment are determined on the basis of the patient's condition and the species of parasite that settled in the urogenital system of the person.
There is an alternative way to win mycoplasmosis – homeopathy. However, the results here speak quite difficult, and on such experiments is not every patient, and the result is positive can guarantee not every homeopath.
Prevention of the disease
Once the diagnosis of Mycoplasma is confirmed, the patient is obliged to inform his sexual partner to test to identify the parasite in the blood. Resistance to mycoplasmosis the body cannot produce, so the relapse may have occurred without screening.