Tuberculosis symptoms, transmission and prevention with treatment
Tuberculosis is a common infectious disease that is caused by certain bacteria. First and foremost stands the destructive power of tuberculosis attack the lungs, other organs can be damaged very rarely.
It is necessary to clarify that a huge risk of tuberculosis due to the fact that the infection is transmitted by airborne droplets, and infection can occur when speaking with a carrier of tuberculosis, if he coughs or sneezes. Enough of sputum thrown into the environment and is a potential risk of infection.
Another danger lurks in the long latent period of tuberculosis, when once infected, the disease just flows calmly, not appearing. However, every tenth case of infection eventually turns into an acute form.
Here it is necessary to say that the symptoms of tuberculosis should not be ignored, and if it is to detect and diagnose disease in its early stages, TB is curable, otherwise you can get a running case that is impossible to cure and the patient awaits death.
As already mentioned, the problem is that the original TB may never come. The fact that the body may be an insufficient number of microbes as causative agent of tuberculosis, so the body and does not include protective mechanisms, respectively, and to notice the manifestation of the disease impossible.
However, when the first symptoms, they gradually increase. First and foremost stands out it is the cough that can go on for a long time, almost 2-3 weeks. Then blood appears in the sputum, and this is a serious symptom of TB.
The concomitant symptoms are the weight reduction, and quite rapid, the temperature, but rather a constant than a high, fatigue and drowsiness. The patient can be observed inexplicable mood swings, begins to show irritability, sometimes turning into aggression.
Interestingly, do not have tuberculosis, you can observe all of the symptoms to appear can 1 or two, and it may not be a cough, although it remains the main diagnostic criterion.
However, it is important to know that if one of the above symptoms is observed for three weeks, it should be a cause for immediate treatment to the doctor for testing it for TB.
However, only the superficial symptoms of the disease may not be limited.
For example, the temperature may be increased to 38-39°C. When this patient begins to feel painsyndrome in the chest and back of the shoulders and the shoulder blades. A cough from the wet turns to dry, razbiralsya, hard, when every attack causes severe pain. Along with these symptoms, the patient begins to feel heavy sweating at night. Sometimes, it is not a universal symptom, it is possible to diagnose the pain in su stavy, but is a manifestation of too erased to be judged by him.
Symptoms of extrapulmonary tuberculosis
If the tubercle Bacillus can affect not only lung tissue, then we can talk about the extrapulmonary form of the disease. However, it is practically impossible to determine the symptoms of the disease, because they are erased and fit their descriptions under dozens of different diseases.
For example, in tuberculosis of the Central nervous system can increase the full temperature and sleep disorders, followed by irritability and violent outbursts. Further, there is a strong headache, nausea and vomiting.
Treatment and prevention of disease
If to speak about the mandatory method of prevention, the BCG vaccination is that vaccinated newborn immediately after birth. Then the child must undergo re-vaccination at the age of 12. Sometimes re-vaccination done by the age of 16. At an early stage to identify TB in the lungs allows the chest x-rays.
As for the healing, it always takes place in two stages, which can be described as main and support.
The main stage always takes place in the hospital, can pass the order of three months and consists of:
- Accelerated process to eliminate the body of tubercle bacilli.
- Mandatory tracking of the status of the tubercle Bacillus on the subject of gaining resistance to drugs.
- Translation of tuberculosis in the stage at which a carrier becomes contagious.
The second phase is the support, and for the patient to be already on treatment at home approximately 4 months, during which there is a complete cleansing of the body from tuberculosis and a gradual decrease in medications.