Chlamydia in women and men: symptoms, treatment and pictures
Chlamydia – a disease that affects not only the urogenital system, but also can have extremely negative effects on the cardiovascular system, the organs of sight, respiration. The problem is caused by some types of chlamydia, and in recent years statistics says that the number of infections increases dramatically not only among adults but also among teenagers.
Unfortunately, chlamydia is spreading rapidly, and it is connected not only with the fact that sexual intercourse becomes an increasingly early beginning of sexual life, but also to the fact that the population is very poorly informed about the disease, its symptoms and consequences.
To treat chlamydia, we split it by gender, so the disease is easier to define and describe, as there are specific points that are present in each sex
The causes of the disease
Small bacteria, chlamydia, which are parasitic in the body cells, and cause chlamydia. Chlamydia is able to live a long time in the human body and absolutely show no signs of presence, but the immunity to drop, it instantly starts the reproduction of bacteria, and you receive the manifestation of clinical symptoms.
Causes of infection in both sexes are the same, because chlamydia, in the majority of cases, sexually transmitted. However, there are cases of domestic infection with chlamydia, which can occur through bed linen and underwear, through the toiletries and hygiene supplies.
Normally, when a weakened immune system, from the moment of infection until the first symptoms may take up to 15 days, in rare cases, the symptoms manifested after 30 days.
The symptoms of chlamydia
More than half of the cases, chlamydia in women occurs entirely asymptomatic, and in this case it becomes difficult to diagnose the disease, and not to allow it to spread to a sexual partner. In addition, asymptomatic disease increases the risk of complications, as chlamydia for a long period of time develops in the body.
In other cases, symptoms appear in the form of vaginal discharge with mucous structure, and painted yellow. Observed sharp and very unpleasant odor. Discharge may be accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen with fever and a burning sensation in the vagina.
In men, particularly in the early stages of the disease, the symptoms are virtually indistinguishable from the urethritis that lubricates a picture of chlamydia, howevergradually, the signs of chlamydia are becoming more apparent. And the main symptoms include:
- Glassy discharge from the urethra;
- Cloudy urine and the presence of purulent patches;
- The appearance of pain in the lumbar region, the scrotum, the urethra;
- The temperature increase of the whole body.
More rare instances of chlamydia manifest in the appearance in the seed of blood droplets, in addition, the blood can be detected in the urine.
To diagnose chlamydia is the task of the gynecologist. Only one cytological smear, the diagnosis is not complete, the fact that this analysis does not guarantee 100% accurate results. The surest way to detect chlamydia is to conduct a PCR analysis, and in this sense, the analysis accuracy can reach 85% accuracy.
In addition to the above tests, in the diagnosis ELISA method is used, which enables to detect the presence in the organism of antibodies to chlamydia, bacterial analysis, which analyzes the reaction of chlamydia on the subject of sensitivity to antibiotics against chlamydia.
As with women, the main method of diagnosis of chlamydia for men the patient remains PCR — polymerase chain reaction, the essence of which in the definition of antigen DNA chlamydia. In any case, diagnosis of chlamydia should be comprehensive and include, in addition to analyzing PCR, serology.
However, there is a difference in methods of diagnosis, which refers specifically to men, and along with PCR for male patients is meaningful to analyze the titers of serum and local secretory antibodies protivodiareynah that are found in the ejaculate.
Treatment of chlamydia
Treatment of chlamydia is the same for both sexes, and there are no gender differences. The basis is always the principle of combat bacterium that is a parasite, and that is important, penetrating inside the cell, the microorganism.
Based on the nature of microorganism and its action in human cells, treatment used drugs antibacterial kind. At the heart of which lies the ability to penetrate the nuclear membrane of the cell and destroy the bacteria at the "crime scene". Among this kind of drugs are used:
In addition to antibiotics, the doctor always canto include in the course of treatment and drugs are of the following type:
- Drugs antifungal wing;
It should be noted and used in the treatment of ultrasound therapy, iontophoresis and electrophoresis, a magnetotherapy. All of these tools and methods are complex, which significantly aware of the chances for quick and favorable outcome of treatment. In addition, to treat women are special douching, baths, vaginal and anal plugs and enemas, special tampons.
Both women and men during treatment, you need to review diet, eliminating spicy and fatty foods, alcohol, nicotine, and refrain from unprotected sex, however, from any serious physical activity, also, it is best to abstain during this period.
In identifying the disease, it is necessary to conduct the mandatory analysis on a chlamydia and a sexual partner.
The human body does not produce immunity to chlamydia, therefore, the recurrence, re-infection occurs as easily as the first time. To monitor the healing process, it is necessary in the first six months after treatment to do another PCR analysis. It will show how much effective treatment.
We can say that so far in the treatment of chlamydia no definitive algorithm or a generic method. In each case it is necessary to carry out treatment and to choose the medications individually. Takes into account many criteria, including the General condition of the patient and the tolerance of the organism to certain drugs.