Allergic to chlorine in the pool the child
It is considered that allergic to chlorine occur in people who are professionally associated with disinfectants. However, it is not so. A large number of people around the world suffer from increased sensitivity to chlorine-containing substances.
In many respects, this situation can be explained by the fact that chlorine is firmly established in the everyday life of each person, and is found everywhere. Chlorine is an integral component of many detergents and other types of household chemicals. The substance is in their tap water, disinfectants, finishing materials, and even in some medicines.
What it is
Allergic to chlorine and allergic to chlorine in the pool – acute reaction of the human immune system that occurs in response to contact with chlorine-containing substance. Allergic to chlorine is the occurrence of local symptoms on the background of a General deterioration of health.
Allergic to chlorine may appear immediately or after contact with a substance containing chlorine, or after some time. The reaction usually manifests as allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, urticaria, contact dermatitis. Extreme Allergy – anaphylaxis and angioedema.
Symptoms of Allergy to chlorine
Symptoms of Allergy to chlorine is quite diverse. The reaction may be in the form of a harmless rash on the body, and in the form of dangerous conditions requiring emergency measures.
Allergic conjunctivitis. The body's response to a stimulus, which occurs as symptoms are:
- of sharp pains in the eyes,
- watery eyes and redness of the eyes.
Allergic rhinitis. It is characterized by frequent sneezing with nasal congestion and a large amount of liquid detachable transparent color.
It happens that both symptoms are present simultaneously. In this case, the Allergy occurs in the form of rhinoconjunctivitis.
If you are allergic to chlorine there are 3 ways of contact dermatitis.
A simple contact dermatitis. It is characterized by:
- the appearance of bubbles on the skin.
This type of dermatitis occurs immediately after contact with chlorine-containing substances. The affected area is present burning and itching. The inflammatory process is localized only in the area of contact of the skin with irritant and is located within the contact.
Contact-allergic dermatitis. The inflammatory process appears 1-2 weeks after exposure to the allergen, the symptoms are as follows:
- The inflammation extends beyond the contact.
- Even at low concentrations of chlorine inflammation can be significant.
- In this way the skin becomes red, itchy area appears, as the bite of a mosquito.
- Repeated contacts withallergen provoke eczema, worsening the prognosis of the disease.
Toxicodermia. This kind of dermatitis occurs when injected chlorine into the body through inhalation or ingestion of certain drugs, such as halogen products. Usually a person inhales chlorine in contact time with cleaning and disinfectant substances. Toxicodermia is expressed in the emergence of itching erosion in different sizes.
Hives are called allergic reaction in the appearance of the skin areas with blisters. Such swellings constantly itch, they are red or white. The size of the painful areas can vary from small areas up to tens of centimeters. Areas with blisters disappear quickly, usually after two or three days.
A special kind of allergic reaction is angioedema or angioedema. The inflammatory process affects the deeper layers of the skin. Swelling on the skin may occur anywhere, but often it lokalizovannaya on the lips, the mucosa of the stomach or larynx.
In the latter case, there is a feeling of lack of air, lack of or Siplast of voice, or sore throat. If swelling appeared on the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract, abdominal pain of varying intensity.
Anaphylactic reaction to a stimulus is developing very quickly. The first symptoms – conjunctivitis and urticaria. This symptomatology is fraught with transition in angioedema. After that there is the development of laryngeal edema and bronchospasm with attacks of asphyxia. People suffering from sudden abdominal pain, diarrhoea, vomiting, cardiac arrhythmias and a sharp decline in blood pressure.
Anaphylaxis and angioedema are conditions that threaten a person's life. Both reactions require emergency medical care.
Treatment of Allergy to chlorine
Treatment methods aim to eliminate contact with the allergen to reduce sensitivity to him, to reduce the degree of clinical manifestations.
And in children and adults treatment of Allergy to chlorine is in the following:
From the outset it is important to prevent contact with the allergen. To unwanted collisions not occurred, it is necessary to use when working with household chemicals, gloves, closed-toe clothing, respirator or mask.
That is, all those means which do not allow a person to be subjected to the fumes of chlorine-containing substances. With a sensitivity to chlorine, it is better to refuse from swimming pools and use tap water.
Desensitization of the body. Now for this modern pharmaceutical industry offers a lot of different drugs, for example, Need to go to the doctor if you are allergic to chlorine and allergic clinicalmanifestations occur regularly or constantly present. And in cases where there is a constant depression, lack of energy, decreased performance, poor mood, as well as allergies and temperature.
If a person has signs of dyspnea, sharp pain in the abdomen, rapid reduction of pressure after contact with the allergen, you have to call the team "ambulance".
Allergic to chlorine requires a responsible medical approach with the appointment of a full-fledged therapy. In addition to improving the General condition of man, qualified treatment will prevent possible dangers such as anaphylaxis or angioedema.