Burns from laser hair removal
Most women worry about burns after laser hair removal procedures. However, almost all beauty salons have the habit to say that after their laser hair removal burns do not happen. To study the real situation by reading information from the relevant sites is almost impossible.
But know it is very important in order to protect yourself from burns, receiving the maximum effect from laser hair removal.
The factors leading to burns
So, there are several factors, which appear due to burns:
- First and foremost, the possibility of a burn depends on the wavelength of the laser radiation.
- The second factor is the presence on the human skin a pronounced tan.
- Burn can occur in a person due to the gross errors of the expert, especially in a bad technical condition of the laser device.
Characteristics of laser radiation
The most important feature of laser systems is the wavelength. The ruby laser has a wavelength of 694 nm, it perfectly highlights the melanin, but at the same time, quite often after using it on the skin burns.
Moreover, the ruby laser is not too deeply affects the skin, removing bad follicles that are far away.
From the alexandrite laser wavelength 755 nm, this gives you the opportunity to penetrate deeper into the skin. However, the dark pigment of the beam of this laser system sees slightly worse than ruby camera.
It is noted that the probability of burns for the alexandrite laser is much lower than the ruby version.
The diode laser has a wavelength of 808 nm, which allows to eliminate hair at the depth of up to 4 millimeters. When the laser burns almost never. Diode laser system a little worse than the alexandrite penetrates the melanin, but the lack of kompensiruet power of the laser pulse.
In addition, the wavelength of the diode laser provides the ability to work with medium tanned skin, but it is possible if strongly to reduce the power of the laser pulse.
Neodymium laser at 1064 nm in length safely eliminates hair, even if the client has tanned and dark skin. Melanin, located in hair follicles, barely visible from this laser, so more or less accurately, this laser removes hair a very dark color.
We can say that the neodymium laser works well on dark skin with strong tan, but not too effectively removes hair.
There is a rule, created on the basis of practice: the shorter the wavelength of the laser radiation, the higher the risk of burns.
The main causes of burn
The presence of the client a pronounced tanning is the main cause of burns during hair removal with laser.
Most of the existing salons solve the problem simply by cuttingthe power of the laser pulse. This makes it possible to reduce the risk of burns, but inevitably decreases the efficiency of the procedure.
If the output is too low, then laser hair removal is a useless action since the hair is simply not deleted. Many experts believe that it is better not to risk and not to perform hair removal in the fresh tan.
Burns after laser hair removal can occur if the customer's skin phototype according to Fitzpatrick. The alexandrite and ruby lasers are not able to safely perform laser hair removal on dark skin.
If using such devices to remove the hair on the skin of this type, there is a high probability of burn and here will definitely help material — Diode laser cooled by contact method, so the specialist needs to keep the laser head close to the skin of the patient during the pulse.
Because of this, laser hair removal is widely applied ultrasound gel. When the head of the laser during the pulse does not touch the skin of the patient – most often it causes a burn.
Burn can occur if the technician configures the greater the laser power for the individual areas of the body. It should be noted that, as a rule, high power pulse is rare, since many salons operate at low capacity in order to avoid incidents. in any case, you need to know how to treat burns at home to eliminate the effects of lesions of the skin and the house.
Technical failure and burns
Another cause of burns in the process of laser hair removal technical problems with the apparatus. The correct or incorrect calibration of the laser does not reveal any single laser specialist.
This can be done only master laser devices. For the full laser operation it is necessary to conduct regular diagnostics of the entire system, only in this case, you can be sure of high-quality calibration of the laser.