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Degrees of burns: what you need to know when burn?

Burn, as one of the types of injuries can be divided into several types, and each determines the treatment and methods of first aid. There are four types of burns. which are presented next.

First degree burns

The easiest injury where we get a small redness and swelling.As a rule, does not require special treatment and resolves on its own within two weeks.

However, first degree burns may present a risk if the injury has taken more than 10% of the body affected hands, eyes, feet. In these cases, medical intervention and hospitalization. Hospitalization due to the fact that the above injuries can cause pain and disrupt thermoregulation of the body.

A second-degree burn

The second type is to easy injury, except in those cases where the affected organs of sight, and the hands with the feet. Burns of the second type are caused by a stronger influence of temperature, and as a result, the skin reddens, edema and blisters. Hospitalization is required very rarely, and only in cases of destruction of a large area of skin, or functional authorities. A second-degree burn is similar to their own within 2-3 weeks.

Third-degree burns

In turn, for third degree burn, medical treatment is necessary. These burns can be divided into two types:

  • 3A;
  • 3B;

When species 3A burn affects deeper layers of the skin, and causes severe pain. Gradual extinction of pain at the site of the burn is related to the death of nerve endings. The edges of this burn definitely are burns first and second degree. Necrotic tissue is gradually replaced by new, and the burn remains quite rigid scars. Especially noticeable effects on the back of the hands and wrists.

Kind of 3B leads to profound tissue damage and scab formation. Within two weeks the dead tissue is rejected by the body, and only after that you can observe the healing process.

Depending on the varieties of third-degree burns, the recovery process of the skin can last up to 30 days.

The types of burns

The extent of injury is determined by the method of its obtaining. Thus, we can output the table of types of burns:

  • Heat;
  • Chemical;
  • Electric.

In the thermal damage burns can be divided into the following degrees:

  1. Easy injurythe surface of the skin. Characterized by redness and slight swelling;
  2. A few more severe skin damage with the formation of redness and blisters;
  3. Severe skin damage, with subsequent necrosis of the damaged tissues;
  4. Deep injury, which is characterized by the charring of all layers of skin and muscle and even bone.

Chemical burns can be classified in the same way as heat. But there is one nuance that is inherent in this type of burn, and it is the nature of the chemical. Here is an example in which the elimination of consequences of burns alkali will be completely different from the method applicable to acid.

With electrical burns, the extent of the damage difficult to determine due to the fact that damage to the exposed internal tissue. Typically, electrical injury looks like two of the scab in contact with an electric current. That is, if we are not dealing with high current, which burns manifested clearly. In any case, when electric burn classification is based on the principle of thermal damage.

No matter what the resulting burns, what kind and degree — it is necessary to address urgently to the hospital for examination of burns by a physician. Even at the safest possible levels of burn shock, which is extremely hazardous to health, and the third or fourth degree burns of all types — life-threatening. Do not underestimate the threat posed by burns, because burns can spoil the appearance and make the person an invalid.