Treatment of chemical burns of the skin: funds to help
When you receive a chemical burn, there's a simple rule of treatment — the faster a chemical reagent that falls on the skin and caused a chemical burn, will be removed from the skin surface, the safer it may be a burn. This will depend on the duration of treatment and choice of drug.
First aid for chemical burn
As mentioned above, when providing first aid in case of lesions of the skin as quickly as possible to remove and neutralize the chemical that caused the burn tissue. The main thing in this moment is not hurt and as carefully as possible to remove the composition.
Some people when receiving a burn from the acid trying to stop a chemical reaction with alkali, however, this is impossible, because the skin there is a second burn, which prevents rapid healing and choice of treatment. It is much more effective to instantly clean the skin with a chemical reagent, rather than seek a second reagent for the repayment of the reaction. The speed of first aid depends on the degree of damage of the skin.
According to the safety in the premises where are carried out experiments with chemical substances hazardous to health, it is important always to have a decontamination solution. However, in the absence of these measures, you must wash the burn with plain water except for a few cases of water can not be used.
Hold under running water, the affected skin needs for ten minutes or more. This allows not only to clean the skin and remove chemicals, but also cooling the skin surface that does not allow the defeat to go deep into tissues.
After washing the burn is overlaid with a clean gauze bandage and the victim should be sent to the clinic for medical help. To independently start treatment of chemical burns is not necessary, as it is very risky. Only an experienced doctor will be able to correctly determine the extent of lesions and to assess the risk of the resulting burn.
How to treat chemical burns
A method of treating a burn from exposure to chemicals in the first place depends on the characteristics of the reagent, causing a burn on the skin. However, in any case, whatever chemical substance may have got on the skin, first aid is the drying of the wounds to remove excess infiltration, treatment with antiseptics and the use of funds for improving blood circulation – this will allow the wound to heal faster and tissues to regenerate.
Treatment of burns from acids
Despite popular belief, the greatest danger are diluted and not concentrated acid. Concentrated acid is able to cause coagulation of the protein, which leads to the formation of a dense scab, preventing the ingress ofsubstances deep into the tissues.
Before you treat a burn with acid, burned surface is washed with 2% soda solution, and then treated with 0,5% solution of ammonia.
Treatment of burns from hydrofluoric acid
Hydrofluoric acid used in the etching of glass as a result of contact with skin this substance is formed severe burns because of toxic effect of compounds. The difficulty of identifying burns caused primarily by the fact that the chemical leaves no residue on the skin surface, and the person is not immediately able to notice that damaged skin.
If skin has come into hydrofluoric acid, the affected part is washed with the emulsion of magnesium oxide in glycerine or plain water under the tap. After you should immediately contact the medical facility for further assistance.
Treatment of burns from lye
Lye is one of the most dangerous chemical substances, which in contact with the skin surface instantly penetrates deep into the tissues. From alkali Malaysia fats in the subcutaneous tissue, in this regard, the burn is friable and contains a lot of tissue infiltration. Burn much it swells and may subsequently suppurate.
First aid for alkali burns should be provided with a 2% solution of citric or acetic acid.
Burn treatment from pesticides and herbicides
Skin, anywhere chemical substance should be washed with gasoline and ethanol in turn. After you need to send the victim to a medical facility where he administered the antidote.
Treatment of burns from phosphorus
Affected skin need to be lowered under water and hold there for a few minutes until the process activity of the substance. In this case, the air can not get on the phosphorus and cause spontaneous combustion. Otherwise, keep the burn under a stream of powerful water.
While the skin area is under water, you need to remove all the particles of the chemical. After burn is served with a gauze bandage, which had previously been dipped in 5% solution of potassium permanganate is a substance prevents the ignition of the phosphorus.
Burn treatment from quicklime
If the burn occurred in quicklime – the skin is absolutely impossible to dip under the water and rinse. In this case a chemical burn profusely greased, after which the victim should immediately be taken to the hospital.
Drugs for the treatment of chemical burns
To treat chemical burns apply antiseptic preparations, including iodine without alcohol and medicines, which include silver. Such a therapeutic agent contribute to the disinfection and the drying of the wound. Their use causes no pain and no dysfunction.
Forrapid healing of wounds from chemical burns used drugs, accelerating the regeneration of skin tissue and improves blood flow to the affected areas of skin.
The most famous such drug that is used for over fifty years, is Solcoseryl. The medicine is available in deproteinizirovanny of blood components in young calves.
This drug contains amino acids, nucleotides and other biologically active compounds that are important in tissue repair. Its application according to the instructions greatly reduce healing time the affected tissue.
As in the treatment of a chemical burn it is best to use gel products on lean basis, Solcoseryl gel form is ideal for tissue regeneration. The gel allows not only to instantly deliver biologically active substances inside the skin tissues, but also to dry the wound and prevent excessive accumulation of exudate.