Symptoms of fungus on toe nails
Fungus refers to a fungal infections, is a group of diseases that are caused by the vital activity of pathogenic fungi. Fungal infection of the skin on the legs is defined as the ringworm, I should add that often the fungus on the feet is accompanied by the defeat of nail plates.
In nature, there are quite a number of different species of pathogenic fungi, However, to parasitize on the person can a few of them, interestingly, after pyoderma (purulent skin lesions), athlete's foot ranked second in the number of cases of skin diseases in humans.
There are three groups of fungi that infect the skin of the legs and feet, these include:
- Antropogennye. This kind causes skin disease exclusively in humans, infection occurs only through contact with a sick person.
- Zooanthroponosis. This kind of strikes, and people and animals and can become infected when in contact not only with the sick person, but a carrier-animals.
- Fungi of the genus Candida. A special group of yeast-like fungi, which has its own characteristics, which can affect not only the skin of the legs and feet, but also to develop in the mouth, throat, and also affect internal organs.
How is the infection
First, the infection is a direct way. The fungus is on the skin after contact with soil, plants, as well as after contact with a sick person, a carrier of the fungus, or sick animals.
In the second place the defeat of a skin fungus of the feet is not a direct way. Occurs while using items, which have already contacted the media, and in contact with the objects of the care of sick animals that have fungus.
What affects the susceptibility to fungal infection
The first is to point out the age, for example, children are more susceptible people to athlete's foot. Their feet is still quite thin skin and protective mechanisms is not fully formed.
In second place is the immune status of a person if it is weakened, it acts as a specific risk factor for the development of the fungus.
In third place we can say about the state of the nervous and endocrine system of humans, they affect the immune system.
Further, chronic infectious diseases, which also reduces immunity and increases the risk of fungus.
Separately it is necessary to specify the time excessive sweating of the feet. This disease can be congenital or the result of vegetative-vascular dystonia, it is important to note also and wearing uncomfortable shoes. by the way, it is important to know how to pass area, Itching of the skin when peeling it is noted that not every patient and not a universal symptom.
In some cases, a patient with a squamous form of mycosis do not have anysubjective feelings from the development of the fungus, respectively, the patient pays no attention to the redness and not go to the doctor, and the disease continues to spread and evolve.
Symptoms disgidroticheskaya form
Disgidroticheskaya form of athlete's foot causes the arch of the foot begins to form a large number of bubbles with size up to 8 mm. Gradually these skin lesions coalesce into larger blisters, there is opening on the site of the blister is formed erosion, a painful and unpleasant process.
Education of erosion can go on the outer and inner side surface of the legs, the more bubbles merge, the more scale is formed erosion. It is painful and in its place, the patient constantly feels itchy.
Once erosion on the foot to heal in their place is formed the peeling of the skin, in this moment disgidroticheskaya form of the mycosis goes into squamous.
Another problem of mycosis of the feet is that after some time, the fungal infection can join and bacterial, such a change indicates the status of the liquid in the bubbles for bacterial infection it of transparent becomes cloudy and turns into pus. The patient experiences severe pain, may increase the body temperature, and the skin on the sole of the feet becomes red and there is swelling.
Note also that disgidroticheskaya form of foot fungus can be very long time to develop and to be treated, and the periods of remission are accompanied by relapses
Symptoms intertriginous forms
Intertriginosny form is considered the most common form of fungal infection. It can occur independently or develop on the background of squamous shape.
The fungus first appears on the skin between the fourth and fifth toes, and the main symptom is the appearance of cracks on the skin which can be whitish rim, which is a loose surface layer of the skin. By the way, this type of fungus can give the answer to the question, burning and itching, in rare cases, cracks come as erosion and, in this case, they have already expressed a strong pain.
This form of fungus aktiviziruyutsya in the summer, and in winter subsides, and unfortunately, often presents with a chronic course of development.
Over time, the skin at the site of formation of the fungus is loosened, the protective function is reduced, this background can enter the body Streptococcus. Inflammation of the skin, ulcers, pain and swelling, sometimes increased body temperature, worsens the General condition of the patient.
Symptoms of Candida fungal infection of the feet
Candidiasis of the feet better known as the interdigital yeast — defeat beginsbetween the third and fourth toes. The skin becomes red and swollen lesions around the lesion, you may notice a rim of loose epithelium. Against this type of useful article — Candida fungus: main causes and treatment of the disease, which fully reveals the essence of candidiasis on the skin.
In some cases near the rim can be formed pustules or vesicles filled with fluid.