Fungus, Pityrosporum the Oval and its relationship with folliculitis
Fungus, Pityrosporum causes folliculitis – a skin disease characterized by inflammation in the follicles and hair bags.
There are two forms of this disease, folliculitis is superficial and deep. Surface affects only the mouth of the follicle, but deep folliculitis affects the deeper layers of tissue.
Why developing folliculitis
To the development of folliculitis cause a variety of infectious agents. For example, Pityrosporum-folliculitis caused by the fungus Pityrosporum.
This disease is very common in countries located in tropical and subtropical zones, but it occurs in other climatic zones, so look at it closer in this article.
Information about the pathogen
Fungal infection causes, Pityrosporum-folliculitis. The causative agent is the fungus Pityrosporum, it is presented in two forms– oval or round shape of the cells. In the modern scientific community accepted that both forms form a single organism, but at different stages of development, but to the final conclusion scientists have not yet come, so all these fabrications still remain in theory.
It is established that the fungus, Pityrosporum round shape, usually occurs on the skin, at the same time, the cells are oval-shaped bruise the skin on the head, which leads to deliverysoma folliculitis.
The presence of fungi on the skin, Pityrosporum in itself will not cause disease, but if there are predisposing factors, then you may be pityriasis versicolor or folliculitis.
Several precipitating factors
This problem can occur due to minor scratches on the skin or after hair removal. There are cases when the cause of the folliculitis becomes sweating above normal.
Moreover, fungal folliculitis occurs on the background of reducing the General or local immunity, which occurs with the development of lingering infectious diseases and antibiotic treatment. The disease may develop due to metabolic disturbances, and diabetes mellitus.
Diseases associated with dysfunction of the liver also contribute to the development of folliculitis. Sunburn, as well as chemical substances that have a negative impact on the skin; improper application of external medicinal drugs that contain corticosteroids, including cause folliculitis.
Folliculitis, which is caused, Pityrosporum, you'll be monomorphic (uniform) rash in form of papules, which are located in the mouths of the follicles.
Typically, during this type of folliculitis lesions upper body: back, neck, forearms and shoulders. Rashes appear on the face not always.
At a superficial form of the disease on the skin formed ulcers –pustules are the size of a grain. Pustules have a conical shape, the top of which grows a hair.
When folliculitis abscess may krujatsya congested skin. In this case no pain, but on a regular basis there is a strong itching. In the area of the rash usually there are excoriations, scratches of the skin caused by scratching. It's not quite normal After a few days pustules begin to be opened, and the pus goes to the outside, forming a crust. Then the inflammation goes away and the skin becomes healthy.
With deep folliculitis appear large and painful nodes. The size of one nodule could reach 10 cm. In the center of the knot is the thread around which there is an abscess. Number of inflamed follicles can be any. Very often at a superficial varieties of folliculitis, there is a large number of lesions on the skin.
What can be complications of folliculitis are fungal nature
Folliculitis caused by the fungus, Pityrosporum, proceeds without any complications, especially when timely adopted a complex of therapeutic measures.
However, sometimes there is some heavy consequences. For example, folliculitis can be a catalyst for the emergence of furuncle – a purulent follicular inflammation which occurs acutely, spreading to the neighbouring tissues.
Folliculitis causes a carbuncle is purulent inflammation of tissue around several hair follicles. Carbuncle is a complication of gram-negative folliculitis. May appear and abscess – inflammation of the tissues with purulent cavities.
Diagnostic methods for determining diseases
The main objective of diagnostic procedures, Pityrosporum-folliculitis is the differentiation of the disease from other forms of folliculitis. Diagnostics also need to separate the disease from inflammation of the follicles of non-infectious origin.
The doctor was able with great accuracy to the diagnosis, it is necessary to conduct a full examination of the damaged follicles. The next step is to identify the pathogen that caused the appearance of folliculitis. In the process of diagnosis should be excluded HIV and syphilis. The patient is examined to detect diseases that can trigger the development of fungal folliculitis.
Treatment of Pityrosporum-folliculitis
Folliculitis is usually treated on an outpatient basis. You need to open the existing ulcers and to remove the pus. This treatment is performed in a hospital setting with the use of antiseptic agents.
After that, the patient is prescribed anti-fungal drugs. At a superficial form of folliculitis doctor prescribes only ointments and emulsions outdoor use. To cure folliculitis this type need cream likeTerbisil, Clotrimazole, Drug Zistan. Modern antifungal medications applied to the affected area twice a day. The person needs to pass the full course of treatment even if the symptoms of folliculitis will be held before. If you prematurely quit the treatment, the probability of relapse.
If the folliculitis is not going to disappear, and, moreover, is already moving to a stage of deep inflammation, in addition to topical treatment shows the use of systemic drugs. More details on this see our article — the Person who suffers from folliculitis should be aware that in the process of curing the disease is impossible to squeeze the damaged skin or try to squeeze the pustules. If the abscess is pressed, it increases the chance of occurrence of infection in the deeper layers of the follicle, which leads to the development of complications.
To treat folliculitis, Pityrosporum can be applied and the means of physiotherapy. So, is recognized as an effective UV. Patients undergo 6 to 10 treatments every day or every other day. Irradiating the area of skin affected by folliculitis is to suberitemnaya dose, i.e. the dose does not cause redness of the skin.
If Pityrosporum-folliculitis appeared on the basis of any disease, then you need to undergo treatment aimed at correcting the overall health.
In the treatment of folliculitis, Pityrosporum the patient should follow a diet. The diet should not have a large amount of sweets and sugar, because of "fast" carbohydrates are the ideal breeding ground for fungi.
Folk medicine in the treatment of folliculitis fungal nature
In the treatment of folliculitis, caused by the fungus, well help traditional medicine. A large number of recipes are quite effective, they improve the process of healing and recovery of wounds.
A decoction of medicinal herbs to eliminate the folliculitis is one of the popular traditional medicine. In one of the common recipes used a decoction of rose hips and viburnum. 2 cups of water you need to take 50 or 100 grams of dried berries rose hips or viburnum.
Then the berries pour boiling water and infuse for 24 hours. The broth is filtered and stirred into it 1 teaspoon of honey. In the broth, moisten a clean cloth and put it on damaged skin. The treatment is carried out 3 times a day, the procedure lasts about 20 minutes.
To combat fungal folliculitis successfully applied sorrel. It should be well washed and chopped to a mushy state. The sorrel added a few tablespoons of sour cream and use the mixture as a topical ointment for the treatment of folliculitis.
Ointment can be made also of St. John's wort. Fresh leaves and stems are crushed to a pulp. Equal parts of birch tar and cream of tar added to the slurry. Wrap withointment to apply on the skin for 40 minutes. In addition, there is another recipe ointment of St. John's wort. The leaves ground to a powder, mixing with the vaseline in the proportions: 1 part St. John's wort to 4 parts of vaseline. Affected skin with the folliculitis Pityrosporum lubricated three times a day.
Prognosis and prevention
Folliculitis caused by the fungus, almost always successfully treated with medication. If the disease causes profound damage to the follicles, healed lesions may remain pigmentation.
If treatment is not appropriate and timely, or developing serious complications may be surgical intervention.
Preventive measures of all types of folliculitis is the cleanliness of the hair and skin. Of course, you need to constantly undergo medical examinations and tests, controlling overall health. The development of folliculitis fungal forms can be prevented, if to fight sweating.
Not without a prescription to use products that contain antibiotics and corticosteroids. Self-treatment with these drugs can lead to decrease the ability of the skin to the protection and development of folliculitis.