Chlamydia: the basics of distribution and manifestations
Chlamydia is one of the infectious diseases that are transmitted through sexual contact.
Accordingly, the causative agent, chlamydia, localized in the pelvic organs, affecting women vagina, uterus, urethra, male urethra.
Given the nature of transmission, chlamydia can be localized in the rectum and in the throat, but in the latter case, this is very rare.
It can be noted that among men, sexual intercourse, chlamydia, found in 10%.
From the point of view of infection, the basis described above, so that any unprotected sex carries risk. During oral she is very low, but exists.
It is important to remember that chlamydia Develops in the body up to 21 days, after which it is possible to diagnose the first symptoms. In men it can be the specific discharge from the urethra, represented by colourless slime. The selection is not abundant and occur in the morning.
During urination, the male begins to feel the pain. Not to say that pain is high, but the discomfort is starting to deliver.
Women have also observed mild pain during emptying of the bladder. In addition, the clinical picture of chlamydia is supplemented by discharge from the vagina, and between menstrual cycles can cause bleeding.
In fact, symptoms of the disease is too diffuse and may be mistaken for a problem, the symptoms are too common to both sexes. Besides, effacement symptoms, and sometimes their complete absence, the disease may for a long time to occur completely asymptomatic, have an impact on late diagnosis, which leads eventually to the emergence of complications in the body, directly related to the chlamydia.
Homosexual couples often diagnosed a type of chlamydia that infects the rectum, the consequence of unprotected anal sex, called gonococcal proctitis.
The main danger for chlamydia are of possible complications that are directly caused by activities of chlamydia.
In men the risk of complications associated with inflammation of the scrotum, called a disease – epidemic. But in women, chlamydia infection often leads to infertility, which develops on the background of inflammatory processes in the uterus and the uterine appendages.
In addition, it is found in women, and Reiter's syndrome. When this complication is diagnosed inflammatory processes in the pelvic area, cervical canal, but can become inflamed eyes and joints, urethra. The latter symptoms can also occur in men.
With every new infection with chlamydia, the risk of complication increasesfold.
You should also note that the medical and not proven that chlamydia has an effect on the development of the male prostatitis.
Treatment and diagnosis
Basic research does not include only a General smear, on its base you can only build an assumption that chlamydia in the body is. For a precise definition of the disease and diagnosis of chlamydial infection is recommended to use PCR, which gives accurate results up to 95%.
With regard to the treatment of the infection, antibiotics are used as follows:
- — azithromycin, taken at a dose of 1 inside, times per day. The course lasts for one week.
- — doxycycline, the dose here is for 100 grams, is taken twice a day, and the course is also designed for one week.
In addition, treatment can involve immunotherapy, which is designed to increase the body's resistance to disease, sometimes prescribes the procedure of massage and stimulation of the prostate gland in men, physical therapy.
If we are talking about complicated and long, chronic disease that courses of antibiotics are calculated on more long-term use and the treatment itself enters the area of the combined approach.