Allergy in children: what to do and how allergic the child
On the skin of young children sometimes appear spots, rashes, and sores of all kinds, this is the signs of allergies in children. Most often in such cases the doctor can diagnose the Allergy, which is very sad. What is an Allergy and why it occurs, and how to treat allergies in children?
Children's Allergy is sudden reaction to quite a common product and beginning treatment of allergies in children, year child or 10, you need to know everything about the disease.
Occurs and allergies for a variety of reasons, which can not always explain. This may be a feature of metabolism, genetic predisposition to such reactions that the aggressive influence of the environment, and all may occur in the first year of life. When the body of a child fall, in General, is normal for other people substances, it (the body) suddenly starts to react badly. This is expressed by inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes.
Allergies in children — sensitivity of the body to alien protein substances and some non-protein origin, which penetrate into blood from the digestive system and manifests itself in different ways. There is a connection with blood proteins, whereby the proteins of the body are endowed with alien properties and developing Allergy in children.
Products and allergies
Usually the first foreign protein in the diet of the child in the first year is cow's milk protein. He enters the body of the baby in the composition formula.
Another danger of the child when feeding him solid foods are introduced. If the diet of nursing mothers, there are allergens, they can get into the body of the child along with milk and then develop an Allergy in children, although it may be in the first year of life and then.
Medicine today recorded obligate allergens. They are part of many everyday products (eggs, fish, nuts, meat products, citrus, strawberries). In addition, allergens can be individualized for each specific case. Some products used in food, have common allergenic particles. That's why you need to consider allergies, referred to as "cross". This is the chain:
- digestive enzymes;
- fruit last season;
- plant pollen.
In the body of the child in the first year allergens can get not only food, but also in contact with the skin and during respiration. Although in the first year of baby's life the main danger is the food he consumes.
Skin lesions can have a different character. The most gentle of manifestation — greasy scales on the hairy part of the head of the baby,slight redness of the cheeks and dryness. Even these small signs should cause parents concern, because they indicate an allergic tendency of the child and forces them to follow a diet.
A food Allergy causes various symptoms on the skin, which in some cases present acutely, and sometimes take a chronic form. If after eating allergenic foods on the skin suddenly appears the rash, blisters-like trace of the burning nettle is a type of Allergy called urticaria. The appearance of these blisters can be single, or they from time to time disappear and reappear in a new place.
If during allergic inflammation, edema of the mucosa, it is referred to as the disease, called "angioedema," which can be in the first year. In children the first year of life angioedema most often occurs in the cheeks, lips, eyelids, hands, feet, scrotum. The greatest danger fraught with laryngeal edema. He is accompanied by osiplosti, cough, shortness of breath. If the child is not time to provide emergency assistance, it is possible his death from suffocation.
This form of food Allergy, as strophulus, appears on baby skin numerous red bumps (papules) or bumps having within the vesicles (vesicles). A child worried about a painful itch. Scratching the skin leads to its infection with bacteria (pyoderma). To review the provided material, the First symptoms are a rash and peeling on the skin of the cheeks, forehead, chin, temples. On the face and scalp area of the head often have elements of a bubble bursting after some time, which leads to wet skin and blood crusts.
Over time a rash appears on the skin of the extremities, may occur on the buttocks and torso. Most often these lesions are accompanied by itching, which increases with the increase of temperature indoors, at night, when the troubled child's behavior.
Atopic dermatitis has a fluctuating course. By eating allergenic foods a child has an exacerbation. To achieve a positive effect in the treatment is sufficient to remove from the diet of the baby or the nursing mother the "culprit" of allergies. To confirm the diagnosis and identify cause-significant allergen, administered Allergy research. More detail in the article (buckwheat, corn, rice), cooked with breast milk or hypoallergenic formula. Dishes of vegetables and fruits must also be one-component.
Choosing products should adhere to the "rules of traffic" in which the food Allergy is controlled. This means that green can be everything (apples, cabbage, zucchini), yellow foods should be given withcaution (pumpkin, peaches, bananas), red — not at all (strawberries, tomatoes, carrots). Recommended lean meat of pork, rabbit, horse, Turkey. Children first year of life who have symptoms of food allergies, is not administered in the diet of the chicken yolk, cottage cheese, fish. The consumption of sweets should also be restricted, sugar is better to replace fructose.
It is impossible to prevent overfeeding of the child's weak digestive tract in the first year are still unable to cope with a large amount of food, so blood will fall before the end of the split substances, and this is the first step, after which food Allergy begins to develop. To it can lead, and untimely bowel movements of a child.
In infants with food sensitisation may give a start to domestic, epidermal and pollen Allergy in the future. To prevent expanding the range of allergens, but it is not only the food problem, they need to reduce or even to eliminate from the environment of the child. This should create a hypoallergenic atmosphere. How to do it?
You can't smoke where the child is. Will not save and exits for a smoke break on the balcony. Toxic substances from cigarette smoke linger on the skin, the hair and clothes of an adult. So before you approach the child after Smoking, the parent should take a shower, brush my teeth and change. The ideal option would be a complete rejection of bad habits.
A favorite habitat for dust mites — ordinary dust, it is necessary to carefully fight. For this reason, in the nursery should not be a computer, TV, furniture, carpets with long pile. Unwanted for baby and soft toys. If any, from time to time, they should be put in the freezer, there mites. Bedding of the child should not be filled with down, wool or feather. Use only synthetic fillers, then small pimples on the body of the child might not appear at all.
From clothing made of wool and fur, too, should be abandoned, but synthetic for a child unwanted. Linen or 100% cotton is what you need for the baby. While washing the children's clothes it is recommended to use hypoallergenic remedies. Rinse out things you want in water without chlorine. The clothing of adults in contact with the child, should be washed the same way.
No need to have Pets in the first year of the child. The child's contact with plants, make up the pollen, too, should be deleted. The room ground flora is rich with molds that cause allergies. Therefore, from the child's room the vases with flowers removed.
Children suffering from atopicdermatitis, needs to get proper skin care. Great attention should be paid to its moisture. Skin emollients need to be applied to the skin many times a day as necessary.
Recommended series of cosmetic products:
- "Ducre", "Bioderma", "Aven" (France).
- Be sure to daily bathe your baby at least 15-20 minutes. This is necessary to ensure that the baby's skin filled with water. The water temperature should not exceed 36S, and the chlorinated water should stand.
- Requires special Soaps and shampoos that do not cause excessive drying of the skin. Conventional means are not suitable. After bathing the child's body should gently blot with a soft towel, not dry and immediately apply a skin emollient and moisturizer.
The room in which the child is required to regularly ventilate maintaining the humidity. Should daily spend in the nursery for wet cleaning. Don't have to coddle the baby, the amount of clothing it should be minimal. Useful for long walks in the fresh air.
Treatment with medication is of secondary importance. The main thing — to find the source of the Allergy and try to eliminate it. Allergist may prescribe antihistamines auxiliary, stabilizers fat cell membranes, sorbents and means of external use.(creams, ointments, magmas, and emulsions), in the definition of rashes need to examine the rash in newborns, photos of rash, just presented as illustrative material.
Parents should carefully to protect little baby from Allergy. In the future it will give the opportunity not to impose restrictions on products and the environment of the baby. Cope with "red cheeks" in infancy, parents are more likely to prevent the development of allergies and future chronic disease.